skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Khan, Maleq"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. The study of epidemics is useful for not only understanding outbreaks and trying to limit their adverse effects, but also because epidemics are related to social phenomena such as government instability, crime, poverty, and inequality. One approach for studying epidemics is to simulate their spread through populations. In this work, we describe an integrated multi-dimensional approach to epidemic simulation, which encompasses: (i) a theoretical framework for simulation and analysis; (ii) synthetic population (digital twin) generation; (iii) (social contact) network construction methods from synthetic populations, (iv) stylized network construction methods; and (v) simulation of the evolution of a virus or disease through a social network. We describe these aspects and end with a short discussion on simulation results that inform public policy. 
    more » « less
  2. Random graphs (or networks) have gained a significant increase of interest due to its popularity in modeling and simulating many complex real-world systems. Degree sequence is one of the most important aspects of these systems. Random graphs with a given degree sequence can capture many characteristics like dependent edges and non-binomial degree distribution that are absent in many classical random graph models such as the Erdöos-Rényi graph model. In addition, they have important applications in uniform sampling of random graphs, counting the number of graphs having the same degree sequence, as well as in string theory, random matrix theory, and matching theory. In this paper, we present an OpenMP-based shared-memory parallel algorithm for generating a random graph with a prescribed degree sequence, which achieves a speedup of 20.4 with 32 cores. We also present a comparative study of several structural properties of the random graphs generated by our algorithm with that of the real-world graphs and random graphs generated by other popular methods. One of the steps in our parallel algorithm requires checking the Erdöos-Gallai characterization, i.e., whether there exists a graph obeying the given degree sequence, in parallel. This paper presents a non-trivial parallel algorithm for checking the Erdöos-Gallai characterization, which achieves a speedup of 23 with 32 cores. 
    more » « less
  3. Several variants of the subgraph isomorphism problem, e.g., finding, counting and estimating frequencies of subgraphs in networks arise in a number of real world applications, such as web analysis, disease diffusion prediction and social network analysis. These problems are computationally challenging in having to scale to very large networks with millions of vertices. In this paper, we present SAHAD, a MapReduce algorithm for detecting and counting trees of bounded size using the elegant color coding technique developed by N. Alon et al. SAHAD is a randomized algorithm, and we show rigorous bounds on the approximation quality and the performance of it. SAHAD scales to very large networks comprising of 107-108 edges and tree-like (acyclic) templates with up to 12 vertices. Further, we extend our results by implementing SAHAD in the Harp framework, which is more of a high performance computing environment. The new implementation gives 100x improvement in performance over the standard Hadoop implementation and achieves better performance than state-of-the-art MPI solutions on larger graphs. 
    more » « less