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  1. Heavy quarkonium production at high transverse momentum( p_T p T )in hadronic collisions is explored in the QCD factorization approach. Wefind that the leading power in the 1/p_T 1 / p T expansion is responsible for high p_T p T regime, while the next-to-leading power contribution is necessary forthe low p_T p T region. We present the first numerical analysis of the scale evolutionof coupled twist-2 and twist-4 fragmentation functions (FFs) for heavyquarkonium production and demonstrate that the QCD factorizationapproach is capable of describing the p_T p T spectrum of hadronic J/\psi J / ψ production at the LHC.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  2. A bstract We study all the possible spin asymmetries that can arise in back-to-back electron-jet production, ep → e + jet + X , as well as the associated jet fragmentation process, ep → e +jet( h )+ X , in electron-proton collisions. We derive the factorization formalism for these spin asymmetries and perform the corresponding phenomenology for the kinematics relevant to the future electron ion collider. In the case of unpolarized electron-proton scattering, we also give predictions for azimuthal asymmetries for the HERA experiment. This demonstrates that electron-jet production is an outstanding process for probing unpolarized and polarized transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions and fragmentation functions.
  3. A bstract We study the single spin asymmetry in the back-to-back dijet production in transversely polarized proton-proton collisions. Such an asymmetry is generated by the Sivers functions in the incoming polarized proton. We propose a QCD formalism in terms of the transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions, which allow us to resum the large logarithms that arise in the perturbative calculations. We make predictions for the Sivers asymmetry of hadronic dijet production at the kinematic region that is relevant to the experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). We further compute the spin asymmetries in the selected positive and negative jet charge bins, to separate the contributions from u - and d -quark Sivers functions. We find that both the sign and size of our numerical results are roughly consistent with the preliminary results from the STAR collaboration at the RHIC.
  4. A bstract We study heavy quarkonium production associated with gluons in e + e − annihilation as an illustration of the perturbative QCD (pQCD) factorization approach, which incorporates the first nonleading power in the energy of the produced heavy quark pair. We show how the renormalization of the four-quark operators that define the heavy quark pair fragmentation functions using dimensional regularization induces “evanescent” operators that are absent in four dimensions. We derive closed forms for short-distance coefficients for quark pair production to next-to-leading order ( $$ {\alpha}_s^2 $$ α s 2 ) in the relevant color singlet and octet channels. Using non-relativistic QCD (NRQCD) to calculate the heavy quark pair fragmentation functions up to v 4 in the velocity expansion, we derive analytical results for the differential energy fraction distribution of the heavy quarkonium. Calculations for $$ {}^3{S}_1^{\left[1\right]} $$ 3 S 1 1 and $$ {}^1{S}_0^{\left[8\right]} $$ 1 S 0 8 channels agree with analogous NRQCD analytical results available in the literature, while several color-octet calculations of energy fraction distributions are new. We show that the remaining corrections due to the heavy quark mass fall off rapidly in the energy of the produced state. To explore the importance of evolutionmore »at energies much larger than the mass of the heavy quark, we solve the renormalization group equation perturbatively to two-loop order for the $$ {}^1{S}_0^{\left[8\right]} $$ 1 S 0 8 case.« less
  5. A bstract We present results for the soft drop groomed jet radius R g at next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy. The radius of a groomed jet which corresponds to the angle between the two branches passing the soft drop criterion is one of the characteristic observables relevant for the precise understanding of groomed jet substructure. We establish a factorization formalism that allows for the resummation of all relevant large logarithms, which is based on demonstrating the all order equivalence to a jet veto in the region between the boundaries of the groomed and ungroomed jet. Non-global logarithms including clustering effects due to the Cambridge/Aachen algorithm are resummed to all orders using a suitable Monte Carlo algorithm. We perform numerical calculations and find a very good agreement with Pythia 8 simulations. We provide theoretical predictions for the LHC and RHIC.
  6. We discuss a new approach for jet physics analysis by using subtraction between cumulants of jet substructure observables. The subtracted cumulants are insensitive to soft-particle background uncorrelated with the hard process and allow comparisons between theoretical results and experimental measurements without the complication of soft background like underlying and pile-up events. We find our method using jet mass cumulants efficiently eliminates the background in Monte Carlo simulations and ATLAS jet mass measurements and they show a good agreement with our analytic calculations performed using soft-collinear effective theory.