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  1. Ardakanian, Omid ; Niesse, Astrid (Ed.)
    The rapid growth of datacenter (DC) loads can be leveraged to help meet renewable portfolio standard (RPS, renewable fraction)targets in power grids. The ability to manipulate DC loads over time(shifting) provides a mechanism to deal with temporal mismatch between non-dispatchable renewable generation (e.g. wind and solar) and overall grid loads, and this flexibility ultimately facilitates the absorption of renewables and grid decarbonization. To this end, we study DC-grid coupling models, exploring their impact on grid dispatch, renewable absorption, power prices, and carbon emissions.With a detailed model of grid dispatch, generation, topology, and loads, we consider three coupling approaches: fixed, datacenter-localmore »optimization (online dynamic programming), and grid-wide optimization (optimal power flow). Results show that understanding the effects of dynamic DC load management requires studies that model the dynamics of both load and power grid. Dynamic DC-grid coupling can produce large improvements: (1) reduce grid dispatch cost (-3%), (2) increase grid renewable fraction (+1.58%), and (3) reduce DC power cost (-16.9%).It also has negative effects: (1) increase cost for both DCs and non-DC customers, (2) differentially increase prices for non-DC customers, and (3) create large power-level changes that may harm DC productivity.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 22, 2022
  2. Generation type of power plant (e.g. steam, wind) is an important attribute in power grid and energy market studies such as bidding strategy, audit of generation mix, and accounting for load- generation matching. Recently, regional transmission organizations (RTOs) and independent system operators (ISOs) are increasingly redacting a wide range of grid and market data attributes to protect their participants’ business interests. Lack of this information can prevent important power grid research. We propose techniques to infer power plant generation types based on publicly-available market data. We develop and evaluate these techniques on data available from the Midcontinent Independent System Operatormore »(MISO). Evaluation shows successful classification of power plants, achieving 100% precision and 99.5% recall for wind plants, and 91.7% overall accuracy. On the basis of generated power, our classification shows 100% precision and 99.8% recall for wind plants and 93.2% overall accuracy. Our ultimate goal is to generalize to a wide range of RTOs/ISOs. We explore three feature types (bid pattern, capability, and opera- tion), and evaluate their classification value for MISO. We also assess applicability to other RTOs/ISOs based on available market data. These studies inform the efficacy of the features for generation-type inference in other RTOs/ISOs.« less