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  1. Abstract

    Alternative splicing (AS) significantly enriches the diversity of transcriptomes and proteomes, playing a pivotal role in the physiology and development of eukaryotic organisms. With the continuous advancement of high-throughput sequencing technologies, an increasing number of novel transcript isoforms, along with factors related to splicing and their associated functions, are being unveiled. In this review, we succinctly summarize and compare the different splicing mechanisms across prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Furthermore, we provide an extensive overview of the recent progress in various studies on AS covering different developmental stages in diverse plant species and in response to various abiotic stresses. Additionally, we discuss modern techniques for studying the functions and quantification of AS transcripts, as well as their protein products. By integrating genetic studies, quantitative methods, and high-throughput omics techniques, we can discover novel transcript isoforms and functional splicing factors, thereby enhancing our understanding of the roles of various splicing modes in different plant species.

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  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 14, 2024
  3. Ferroelectricity in van der Waals (vdW) layered material has attracted a great deal of interest recently. CuInP2S6 (CIPS), the only vdW layered material whose ferroelectricity in the bulk was demonstrated by direct polarization measurements, was shown to remain ferroelectric down to a thickness of a few nanometers. However, its ferroelectric properties have just started to be explored in the context of potential device applications. We report here the preparation and measurements of metal-ferroelectric semiconductor-metal heterostructures using nanosheets of CIPS obtained by mechanical exfoliation. Four bias voltage and polarization dependent resistive states were observed in the current–voltage characteristics, which we attribute to the formation of ferroelectric Schottky diode, along with switching behavior.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 2, 2024
  4. Markopoulos, Panos P. ; Ouyang, Bing ; Papalexakis, Vagelis (Ed.)
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 14, 2024
  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2024
  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2024
  7. Abstract

    The effect of ionic radii sizes on magnetostriction is studied in relation to structural and magnetic properties. To explore the effect of the chemical pressure, nanoparticles of rare‐earth (RE) orthoferrites, SmFeO3, DyFeO3, HoFeO3, and LuFeO3are studied using X‐ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. Magnetic and magnetostriction measurements are also performed. In these orthoferrites, the coordination of the RE ion is eightfold, whereas the RE ionic radii are significantly different, which directly influences the structural parameters. The distortion of FeO6octahedra is observed as a result of changing chemical pressure within the lattice. The different magnitudes of magnetostriction in RE orthoferrites can be attributed to the different degrees of distortion of FeO6octahedra, R–O dynamics, and spin–orbit interactions in the system. The maximum value of magnetostriction (∼ 19 ppm) and magnetization at 2 K (30.64 emu/g) is demonstrated by HoFeO3. Comparison of structural parameters of the samples to their respective bulk counterparts indicated relative structural distortion in nanoparticles.

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