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  1. Black phosphorus (b-P) is an allotrope of phosphorus whose properties have attracted great attention. In contrast to other 2D compounds, or pristine b-P, the properties of b-P alloys have yet to be explored. In this report, we present a detailed study on the Raman spectra and on the temperature dependence of the electrical transport properties of As-doped black phosphorus (b-AsP) for an As fraction x = 0.25. The observed complex Raman spectra were interpreted with the support of Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations since each original mode splits in three due to P-P, P-As, and As-As bonds. Field-effect transistors (FET) fabricated from few-layered b-AsP exfoliated onto Si/SiO 2 substrates exhibit hole-doped like conduction with a room temperature ON/OFF current ratio of ~10 3 and an intrinsic field-effect mobility approaching ~300 cm 2 /Vs at 300 K which increases up to 600 cm 2 /Vs at 100 K when measured via a 4-terminal method. Remarkably, these values are comparable to, or higher, than those initially reported for pristine b-P, indicating that this level of As doping is not detrimental to its transport properties. The ON to OFF current ratio is observed to increase up to 10 5 at 4 K. Atmore »high gate voltages b-AsP displays metallic behavior with the resistivity decreasing with decreasing temperature and saturating below T ∼ 100 K, indicating a gate-induced insulator to metal transition. Similarly to pristine b-P, its transport properties reveal a high anisotropy between armchair (AC) and zig-zag (ZZ) directions. Electronic band structure computed through periodic dispersion-corrected hybrid Density Functional Theory (DFT) indicate close proximity between the Fermi level and the top of the valence band(s) thus explaining its hole doped character. Our study shows that b-AsP has potential for optoelectronics applications that benefit from its anisotropic character and the ability to tune its band gap as a function of the number of layers and As content.« less
  2. Abstract

    The ability to control the density and spatial distribution of substitutional dopants in semiconductors is crucial for achieving desired physicochemical properties. Substitutional doping with adjustable doping levels has been previously demonstrated in 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs); however, the spatial control of dopant distribution remains an open field. In this work, edge termination is demonstrated as an important characteristic of 2D TMD monocrystals that affects the distribution of substitutional dopants. Particularly, in chemical vapor deposition (CVD)‐grown monolayer WS2, it is found that a higher density of transition metal dopants is always incorporated in sulfur‐terminated domains when compared to tungsten‐terminated domains. Two representative examples demonstrate this spatial distribution control, including hexagonal iron‐ and vanadium‐doped WS2monolayers. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are further performed, indicating that the edge‐dependent dopant distribution is due to a strong binding of tungsten atoms at tungsten‐zigzag edges, resulting in the formation of open sites at sulfur‐zigzag edges that enable preferential dopant incorporation. Based on these results, it is envisioned that edge termination in crystalline TMD monolayers can be utilized as a novel and effective knob for engineering the spatial distribution of substitutional dopants, leading to in‐plane hetero‐/multi‐junctions that display fascinating electronic, optoelectronic, and magnetic properties.

    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2024