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  1. Rotational dynamics at the molecular level could provide additional data regarding protein diffusion and cytoskeleton formation at the cellular level. Due to the isotropic emission pattern of fluorescence molecules, it is challenging to extract rotational information from them during imaging. Metal nanoparticles show a polarization-dependent response and could be used for sensing rotational motion. Nanoparticles as an orientation sensing probe offer bio-compatibility and robustness against photo-blinking and photo-bleaching compared to conventional fluorescent molecules. Previously, asymmetric geometrical structures such as nanorods have been used for orientational imaging. Here, we show orientational imaging of symmetric geometrical structures such as 100 nm isolated silver nanocubes by coupling a hyperspectral detector and a focused ion beam (FIB)-fabricated correlating substrate. More than 100 nanocubes are analyzed to confirm spectral shifts in the scattering spectra due to variations in the orientation of the nanocubes with respect to the incoming light. Results are further validated using finite-difference time-domain simulations. Our observations suggest a novel strategy for high-throughput orientation imaging of nanoparticles. 
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  2. In this paper, we theoretically demonstrate a dual-band independently tunable absorber consisting of a stacked graphene nanodisk and graphene layer with nanohole structure, and a metal reflector spaced by insulator layers. This structure exhibits a dipole resonance mode in graphene nanodisks and a quadrupole resonance mode in the graphene layer with nanoholes, which results in the enhancement of absorption over a wide range of incident angles for both TE and TM polarizations. The peak absorption wavelength is analyzed in detail for different geometrical parameters and the Fermi energy levels of graphene. The results show that both peaks of the absorber can be tuned dynamically and simultaneously by varying the Fermi energy level of graphene nanodisks and graphene layer with nanoholes structure. In addition, one can also independently tune each resonant frequency by only changing the Fermi energy level of one graphene layer. Such a device could be used as a chemical sensor, detector or multi-band absorber. 
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