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  1. In this paper, we propose a generalized millimeter-Wave (mmWave) reconfigurable antenna multiple-input multiple-output (RA-MIMO) architecture that takes advantage of lens antennas. The considered antennas can generate multiple independent beams simultaneously using a single RF chain. This property, together with RA-MIMO, is used to combat small-scale fading and shadowing in mmWave bands. To this end, first, we derive a channel matrix for RA-MIMO. Then, we use rate-one space-time block codes (STBCs), together with phase-shifters at the receive reconfigurable antennas, to suppress the effect of small-scale fading. We consider two kinds of phase shifters: i) ideal which is error-free and ii) digitalmore »which adds quantization error. The goal of phase-shifters is to convert a complex-valued channel matrix into real-valued. Hence, it is possible to use rate-one STBCs for any dimension of RA-MIMO. We investigate diversity gain and derive an upper bound for symbol error rate in cases of ideal and digital phase-shifters. We show that RA-MIMO achieves the full-diversity gain with ideal phase-shifters and the full-diversity gain for digital phase-shifters when the number of quantization bits is higher than one. We investigate RA-MIMO in the presence of shadowing. Our analysis demonstrates that, by increasing the dimension of RA-MIMO, the outage probability decreases which means the effect of shadowing decreases. Numerical results verify our theoretical derivations.« less
  2. This paper proposes a new multiple access technique based on the millimeter wave lens-based reconfigurable antenna systems. In particular, to support a large number of groups of users with different angles of departures (AoDs), we integrate recently proposed reconfigurable antenna multiple access (RAMA) into non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA). The proposed technique, named reconfigurable antenna NOMA (RA-NOMA), divides the users with respect to their AoDs and channel gains. Users with different AoDs and comparable channel gains are served via RAMA while users with the same AoDs but different channel gains are served via NOMA. This technique results in the independence ofmore »the number of radio frequency chains from the number of NOMA groups. Further, we derive the feasibility conditions and show that the power allocation for RA-NOMA is a convex problem. We then derive the maximum achievable sum-rate of RA-NOMA. Simulation results show that RA-NOMA outperforms conventional orthogonal multiple access (OMA) as well as the combination of RAMA with the OMA techniques.« less
  3. Low-density parity check (LDPC) codes have been extensively applied in mobile communication systems due to their excellent error correcting capabilities. However, their broad adoption has been hindered by the high complexity of the LDPC decoder. Although to date, dedicated hardware has been used to implement low latency LDPC decoders, recent advancements in the architecture of mobile processors have made it possible to develop software solutions. In this paper, we propose a multi-stream LDPC decoder designed for a mobile device. The proposed decoder uses graphics processing unit (GPU) of a mobile device to achieve efficient real-time decoding. The proposed solution ismore »implemented on an NVIDIA Tegra board as a system on a chip (SoC), where our results indicate that we can control the load on the central processing units through the multi-stream structure.« less
  4. In this paper, a 4 ×4-element waveguide-aperture array antenna is designed for applications in the 60 GHz band. To simplify the design process of the feed network, instead of using a conventional waveguide power divider, an efficient approach is proposed where the antenna is fed with two layers of back cavities to distribute power uniformly among the array aperture. The connection between cavities is obtained by a set of coupling slots. A standard WR-15 rectangular waveguide is designed to excite the antenna at the input port over the operating frequency. Furthermore, to improve the antenna gain characteristics and reduce size,more »array aperture is loaded with a dielectric plate. The most significant advantage of using this design is its efficient radiation patterns and the ability to decrease complexity of feeding network. Simulated results demonstrate that the antenna gain is larger than 25 dB over the frequency range from 58 to 64 GHz. This high gain antenna combined with the simplicity of feeding network is greatly advantageous to millimeter wave applications.« less
  5. Millimeter-wave (mmWave) communication is anticipated to provide significant throughout gains in urban scenarios. To this end, network densification is a necessity to meet the high traffic volume generated by smart phones, tablets, and sensory devices while overcoming large pathloss and high blockages at mmWaves frequencies. These denser networks are created with users deploying small mm Wave base stations (BSs) in a plug-and-play fashion. Although, this deployment method provides the required density, the amorphous deployment of BSs needs distributed management. To address this difficulty, we propose a self-organizing method to allocate power to mm Wave BSs in an ultra dense network.more »The proposed method consists of two parts: clustering using fast local clustering and power allocation via Q-learning. The important features of the proposed method are its scalability and self-organizing capabilities, which are both important features of 5G. Our simulations demonstrate that the introduced method, provides required quality of service (QoS) for all the users independent of the size of the network.« less
  6. This paper aims to realize a new multiple access technique based on recently proposed millimeter- wave reconfigurable antenna architectures. To this end, first we show that integration of the existing reconfigurable antenna systems with the well-known non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) technique causes a significant degradation in sum rate due to the inevitable power division in reconfigurable antennas. To circumvent this fundamental limit, a new multiple access technique is proposed. The technique which is called reconfigurable antenna multiple access (RAMA) transmits only each user's intended signal at the same time/frequency/code, which makes RAMA an inter-user interference-free technique. Two different cases aremore »considered, i.e., RAMA with partial and full channel state information (CSI). In the first case, CSI is not required and only the direction of arrival for a specific user is used. Our analytical results indicate that with partial CSI and for symmetric channels, RAMA outperforms NOMA in terms of sum rate. Further, the analytical result indicates that RAMA for asymmetric channels achieves better sum rate than NOMA when less power is assigned to users that experience better channel quality. In the second case, RAMA with full CSI allocates optimal power to each user which leads to higher achievable rates compared to NOMA for both symmetric and asymmetric channels. The numerical computations demonstrate the analytical findings.« less
  7. The large spectrum available in the millimeter- Wave (mmWave) band has emerged as a promising solution for meeting the huge capacity requirements of the 5th generation (5G) wireless networks. However, to fully harness the potential of mmWave communications, obstacles such as severe path loss, channel sparsity and hardware complexity should be overcome. In this paper, we introduce a generalized reconfigurable antenna multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) architecture that takes advantage of lens-based reconfigurable antennas. The considered antennas can support multiple radiation patterns simultaneously by using a single RF chain. The degrees of freedom provided by the reconfigurable antennas are used to, first,more »combat channel sparsity in MIMO mmWave systems. Further, to suppress high path loss and shadowing at mmWave frequencies, we use a rate- one space-time block code. Our analysis and simulations show that the proposed reconfigurable MIMO architecture achieves full-diversity gain by using linear receivers and without requiring channel state information at the transmitter. Moreover, simulations show that the proposed architecture outperforms traditional MIMO transmission schemes in mmWave channel settings.« less