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  1. Rotational dynamics at the molecular level could provide additional data regarding protein diffusion and cytoskeleton formation at the cellular level. Due to the isotropic emission pattern of fluorescence molecules, it is challenging to extract rotational information from them during imaging. Metal nanoparticles show a polarization-dependent response and could be used for sensing rotational motion. Nanoparticles as an orientation sensing probe offer bio-compatibility and robustness against photo-blinking and photo-bleaching compared to conventional fluorescent molecules. Previously, asymmetric geometrical structures such as nanorods have been used for orientational imaging. Here, we show orientational imaging of symmetric geometrical structures such as 100 nm isolated silver nanocubes by coupling a hyperspectral detector and a focused ion beam (FIB)-fabricated correlating substrate. More than 100 nanocubes are analyzed to confirm spectral shifts in the scattering spectra due to variations in the orientation of the nanocubes with respect to the incoming light. Results are further validated using finite-difference time-domain simulations. Our observations suggest a novel strategy for high-throughput orientation imaging of nanoparticles. 
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  2. Inorganic lead-halide perovskite, cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3), shows outstanding optoelectronic properties. Both solution- and melt-based methods have been proposed for CsPbBr3 crystal growth. The solution-based growth was done at low-temperature, whereas the melt-based growth was done at high-temperature. However, the comparison of optical, physical, and defect states using these two different growth conditions has been scarcely studied. Here, we have compared the thermal and optical properties of solution-grown and melt-grown single crystals of CsPbBr3. Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS) analysis showed that melt-grown crystal has a relatively smaller number of defects than the chemical synthesis method. In addition, crystals grown using the chemical method showed a higher fluorescence lifetime than melt-grown CsPbBr3. 
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  3. Abstract

    Stem cell‐based therapies carry significant promise for treating human diseases. However, clinical translation of stem cell transplants for effective treatment requires precise non‐destructive evaluation of the purity of stem cells with high sensitivity (<0.001% of the number of cells). Here, a novel methodology using hyperspectral imaging (HSI) combined with spectral angle mapping‐based machine learning analysis is reported to distinguish differentiating human adipose‐derived stem cells (hASCs) from control stem cells. The spectral signature of adipogenesis generated by the HSI method enables identifying differentiated cells at single‐cell resolution. The label‐free HSI method is compared with the standard techniques such as Oil Red O staining, fluorescence microscopy, and qPCR that are routinely used to evaluate adipogenic differentiation of hASCs. HSI is successfully used to assess the abundance of adipocytes derived from transplanted cells in a transgenic mice model. Further, Raman microscopy and multiphoton‐based metabolic imaging is performed to provide complementary information for the functional imaging of the hASCs. Finally, the HSI method is validated using matrix‐assisted laser desorption/ionization‐mass spectrometry imaging of the stem cells. The study presented here demonstrates that multimodal imaging methods enable label‐free identification of stem cell differentiation with high spatial and chemical resolution.

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