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A key challenge in searches for resonant new physics is that classifiers trained to enhance potential signals must not induce localized structures. Such structures could result in a false signal when the background is estimated from data using sideband methods. A variety of techniques have been developed to construct classifiers which are independent from the resonant feature (often a mass). Such strategies are sufficient to avoid localized structures, but are not necessary. We develop a new set of tools using a novel moment loss function (Moment Decomposition or MoDe) which relax the assumption of independence without creating structures in themore »Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2022
Based on the established task of identifying boosted, hadronicallydecaying top quarks, we compare a wide range of modern machine learningapproaches. Unlike most established methods they rely on low-levelinput, for instance calorimeter output. While their networkarchitectures are vastly different, their performance is comparativelysimilar. In general, we find that these new approaches are extremelypowerful and great fun.