skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Qian, Dong"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. We report a mechanical metamaterial-like behavior as a function of the micro/nanostructure of otherwise chemically identical aliphatic polyurea aerogels. Transmissibility varies dramatically with frequency in these aerogels. Broadband vibration mitigation is provided at low frequencies (500–1000 Hz) through self-assembly of locally resonant metastructures wherein polyurea microspheres are embedded in a polyurea web-like network. A micromechanical constitutive model based on a discrete element method is established to explain the vibration mitigation mechanism. Simulations confirm the metamaterial-like behavior with a negative dynamic material stiffness for the micro-metastructured aerogels in a much wider frequency range than the majority of previously reported locally resonant metamaterials.
  2. Natural muscles show tensile actuation and realize torsional rotation by combining with the skeleton, which integrate with sensing and signaling function in a single element to form a feedback loop. The currently developed artificial muscle and sensing devices always work upon external stimuli, and a separate controlling and signal transmission system is needed, increasing the complexity of muscle design. Therefore it is highly desired to develop flexible and compact fiber artificial muscles with large strain for advanced soft robotic systems. In this paper, twisted elastomer fiber artificial muscles with tensile and torsional actuations and sensing function by a single electric signal are developed, by using twisted natural rubber fiber coated with a buckled carbon nanotube sheet. The twisted natural rubber fiber can be electrothermally actuated to show contraction and rotation by entropic elasticity. The buckled carbon nanotube sheet can transmit electric current, and the contact area between the buckled carbon nanotube sheets increased during actuation, resulting in resistance decrease by thermo-piezoresistive effect. A feedback circuit was designed to connect or disconnect the electric current by measuring the resistance change to form a feedback loop to control on/off of the muscle. The current study provides a new muscle design for softmore »robotics, controllers, and human-machine integration.« less
  3. null (Ed.)
  4. Abstract

    The brick-and-mortar structure inspired by nature, such as in nacre, is considered one of the most optimal designs for structural composites. Given the large number of design possibilities, extensive computational work is required to guide their manufacturing. Here, we propose a computational framework that combines statistical analysis and machine learning with finite element analysis to establish structure–property design strategies for brick-and-mortar composites. Approximately 20,000 models with different geometrical designs were categorized into good and bad based on their failure modes, with statistical analysis of the results used to find the importance of each feature. Aspect ratio of the bricks and horizontal mortar thickness were identified as the main influencing features. A decision tree machine learning model was then established to draw the boundaries of good design space. This approach might be used for the design of brick-and-mortar composites with improved mechanical properties.

  5. Polymer matrix composites have high strengths in tension. However, their compressive strengths are much lower than their tensile strengths due to their weak fiber/matrix interfacial shear strengths. We recently developed a new approach to fabricate composites by overwrapping individual carbon fibers or fiber tows with a carbon nanotube sheet and subsequently impregnate them into a matrix to enhance the interfacial shear strengths without degrading the tensile strengths of the carbon fibers. In this study, a theoretical analysis is conducted to identify the appropriate thickness of the nanocomposite interphase region formed by carbon nanotubes embedded in a matrix. Fibers are modeled as an anisotropic elastic material, and the nanocomposite interphase region and the matrix are considered as isotropic. A microbuckling problem is solved for the unidirectional composite under compression. The analytical solution is compared with finite element simulations for verification. It is determined that the critical load at the onset of buckling is lower in an anisotropic carbon fiber composite than in an isotropic fibfer composite due to lower transverse properties in the fibers. An optimal thickness for nanocomposite interphase region is determined, and this finding provides a guidance for the manufacture of composites using aligned carbon nanotubes as fillers inmore »the nanocomposite interphase region.« less