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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 19, 2024
  2. Abstract

    Dual-comb spectroscopy has been proven beneficial in molecular characterization but remains challenging in the mid-infrared region due to difficulties in sources and efficient photodetection. Here we introduce cross-comb spectroscopy, in which a mid-infrared comb is upconverted via sum-frequency generation with a near-infrared comb of a shifted repetition rate and then interfered with a spectral extension of the near-infrared comb. We measure CO2absorption around 4.25 µm with a 1-µm photodetector, exhibiting a 233-cm−1instantaneous bandwidth, 28000 comb lines, a single-shot signal-to-noise ratio of 167 and a figure of merit of 2.4 × 106Hz1/2. We show that cross-comb spectroscopy can have superior signal-to-noise ratio, sensitivity, dynamic range, and detection efficiency compared to other dual-comb-based methods and mitigate the limits of the excitation background and detector saturation. This approach offers an adaptable and powerful spectroscopic method outside the well-developed near-IR region and opens new avenues to high-performance frequency-comb-based sensing with wavelength flexibility.

  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2023
  4. A lithium niobate–based platform can generate and measure squeezed states of light on a chip.
  5. We introduce a method for gas sensing without performing direct spectrum measurement using broadband mid-infrared optical parametric oscillators, and experimentally demonstrate proof-of-concept carbon dioxide sensing.

  6. We demonstrate broadly-tunable synchronously-pumped optical parametric oscillators in nanophotonic lithium niobate. A picosecond 1-µm pump generates subpicosecond signal/idler frequency combs tunable between 1.5 and 3.3µm with up-conversion to the visible on the same chip.

  7. Abstract Topological insulators possess protected boundary states which are robust against disorders and have immense implications in both fermionic and bosonic systems. Harnessing these topological effects in nonequilibrium scenarios is highly desirable and has led to the development of topological lasers. The topologically protected boundary states usually lie within the bulk bandgap, and selectively exciting them without inducing instability in the bulk modes of bosonic systems is challenging. Here, we consider topological parametrically driven nonlinear resonator arrays that possess complex eigenvalues only in the edge modes in spite of the uniform pumping. We show parametric oscillation occurs in the topological boundary modes of one and two dimensional systems as well as in the corner modes of a higher order topological insulator system. Furthermore, we demonstrate squeezing dynamics below the oscillation threshold, where the quantum properties of the topological edge modes are robust against certain disorders. Our work sheds light on the dynamics of weakly nonlinear topological systems driven out-of-equilibrium and reveals their intriguing behavior in the quantum regime.