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  1. null (Ed.)
    Error-bounded lossy compression is a state-of-the-art data reduction technique for HPC applications because it not only significantly reduces storage overhead but also can retain high fidelity for postanalysis. Because supercomputers and HPC applications are becoming heterogeneous using accelerator-based architectures, in particular GPUs, several development teams have recently released GPU versions of their lossy compressors. However, existing state-of-the-art GPU-based lossy compressors suffer from either low compression and decompression throughput or low compression quality. In this paper, we present an optimized GPU version, cuSZ, for one of the best error-bounded lossy compressors-SZ. To the best of our knowledge, cuSZ is the first error-bounded lossy compressor on GPUs for scientific data. Our contributions are fourfold. (1) We propose a dual-quantization scheme to entirely remove the data dependency in the prediction step of SZ such that this step can be performed very efficiently on GPUs. (2) We develop an efficient customized Huffman coding for the SZ compressor on GPUs. (3) We implement cuSZ using CUDA and optimize its performance by improving the utilization of GPU memory bandwidth. (4) We evaluate our cuSZ on five real-world HPC application datasets from the Scientific Data Reduction Benchmarks and compare it with other state-of-the-art methods on both CPUs and GPUs. Experiments show that our cuSZ improves SZ's compression throughput by up to 370.1x and 13.1x, respectively, over the production version running on single and multiple CPU cores, respectively, while getting the same quality of 
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  2. null (Ed.)
    With ever-increasing volumes of scientific floating-point data being produced by high-performance computing applications, significantly reducing scientific floating-point data size is critical, and error-controlled lossy compressors have been developed for years. None of the existing scientific floating-point lossy data compressors, however, support effective fixed-ratio lossy compression. Yet fixed-ratio lossy compression for scientific floating-point data not only compresses to the requested ratio but also respects a user-specified error bound with higher fidelity. In this paper, we present FRaZ: a generic fixed-ratio lossy compression framework respecting user-specified error constraints. The contribution is twofold. (1) We develop an efficient iterative approach to accurately determine the appropriate error settings for different lossy compressors based on target compression ratios. (2) We perform a thorough performance 
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