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Creators/Authors contains: "Sikdar, Satyaki"

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  1. Abstract

    Collaboration is a key driver of science and innovation. Mainly motivated by the need to leverage different capacities and expertise to solve a scientific problem, collaboration is also an excellent source of information about the future behavior of scholars. In particular, it allows us to infer the likelihood that scientists choose future research directions via the intertwined mechanisms of selection and social influence. Here we thoroughly investigate the interplay between collaboration and topic switches. We find that the probability for a scholar to start working on a new topic increases with the number of previous collaborators, with a pattern showing that the effects of individual collaborators are not independent. The higher the productivity and the impact of authors, the more likely their coworkers will start working on new topics. The average number of coauthors per paper is also inversely related to the topic switch probability, suggesting a dilution of this effect as the number of collaborators increases.

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  3. One of the principal goals of graph modeling is to capture the building blocks of network data in order to study various physical and natural phenomena. Recent work at the intersection of formal language theory and graph theory has explored the use of graph grammars for graph modeling. However, existing graph grammar formalisms, like Hyperedge Replacement Grammars, can only operate on small tree-like graphs. The present work relaxes this restriction by revising a different graph grammar formalism called Vertex Replacement Grammars (VRGs). We show that a variant of the VRG called Clustering-based Node Replacement Grammar (CNRG) can be efficiently extracted from many hierarchical clusterings of a graph. We show that CNRGs encode a succinct model of the graph, yet faithfully preserves the structure of the original graph. In experiments on large real-world datasets, we show that graphs generated from the CNRG model exhibit a diverse range of properties that are similar to those found in the original networks. 
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  4. An enormous amount of real-world data exists in the form of graphs. Oftentimes, interesting patterns that describe the complex dynamics of these graphs are captured in the form of frequently reoccurring substructures. Recent work at the intersection of formal language theory and graph theory has explored the use of graph grammars for graph modeling and pattern mining. However, existing formulations do not extract meaningful and easily interpretable patterns from the data. The present work addresses this limitation by extracting a special type of vertex replacement grammar, which we call a KT grammar, according to the Minimum Description Length (MDL) heuristic. In experiments on synthetic and real-world datasets, we show that KT-grammars can be efficiently extracted from a graph and that these grammars encode meaningful patterns that represent the dynamics of the real-world system. 
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  5. Discovering the underlying structures present in large real world graphs is a fundamental scientific problem. Recent work at the intersection of formal language theory and graph theory has found that a Probabilistic Hyperedge Replacement Grammar (PHRG) can be extracted from a tree decomposition of any graph. However, because the extracted PHRG is directly dependent on the shape and contents of the tree decomposition, rather than from the dynamics of the graph, it is unlikely that informative graph-processes are actually being captured with the PHRG extraction algorithm. To address this problem, the current work adapts a related formalism called Probabilistic Synchronous HRG (PSHRG) that learns synchronous graph production rules from temporal graphs. We introduce the PSHRG model and describe a method to extract growth rules from the graph. We find that SHRG rules capture growth patterns found in temporal graphs and can be used to predict the future evolution of a temporal graph. We perform a brief evaluation on small synthetic networks that demonstrate the prediction accuracy of PSHRG versus baseline and state of the art models. Ultimately, we find that PSHRGs seem to be very good at modelling dynamics of a temporal graph; however, our prediction algorithm, which is based on string parsing and generation algorithms, does not scale to practically useful graph sizes. 
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