skip to main content


Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Sun, Xinyu"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. The Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) sponsors Eco-DAS, which is now in its 30th year. The program aims to unite aquatic scientists, develop diverse collaborations, and provide professional development training opportunities with guests from federal agencies, nonprofits, academia, tribal groups, and other workplaces (a previous iteration is summarized in Ghosh et al. 2022). Eco-DAS XV was one of the largest and most nationally diverse cohorts, including 37 early career aquatic scientists, 15 of whom were originally from 9 different countries outside the United States (Fig. 2). As the first cohort to meet in-person since the COVID-19 pandemic, Eco-DAS participants convened from 5 to 11 March 2023 to expand professional networks, create shared projects, and discuss areas of priority for the aquatic sciences. During the weeklong meeting, participants developed 46 proposal ideas, 16 of which will be further developed into projects and peer-reviewed manuscripts. 
    more » « less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 3, 2024
  2. We report herein that dendron-shaped macromolecules AB n crystallize into well-ordered pyramid-like structures from mixed solvents, instead of spherical motifs with curved structures, as found in the bulk. The design of the asymmetric molecular architecture and the choice of mixed solvents are applied as strategies to manipulate the crystallization process. In mixed solvents, the solvent selection for the Janus macromolecule and the existence of dominant crystalline clusters contribute to the formation of flat nanosheets. Whereas during solvent evaporation, the bulkiness of the asymmetric macromolecules easily creates defects within 2D nanosheets which lead to their spiral growth through screw dislocation. The size of the nanosheets and the growth into 2D nanosheets or 3D pyramidal structures can be regulated by the solvent ratio and solvent compositions. Moreover, macromolecules of higher asymmetry generate polycrystals of lower orderliness, probably due to higher localized stress. 
    more » « less
  3. null (Ed.)
  4. null (Ed.)
  5. Abstract

    The accurate distribution of countercations (Rb+and Sr2+) around a rigid, spherical, 2.9‐nm size polyoxometalate cluster, {Mo132}42−, is determined by anomalous small‐angle X‐ray scattering. Both Rb+and Sr2+ions lead to shorter diffuse lengths for {Mo132} than prediction. Most Rb+ions are closely associated with {Mo132} by staying near the skeleton of {Mo132} or in the Stern layer, whereas more Sr2+ions loosely associate with {Mo132} in the diffuse layer. The stronger affinity of Rb+ions towards {Mo132} than that of Sr2+ions explains the anomalous lower critical coagulation concentration of {Mo132} with Rb+compared to Sr2+. The anomalous behavior of {Mo132} can be attributed to majority of negative charges being located at the inner surface of its cavity. The longer anion–cation distance weakens the Coulomb interaction, making the enthalpy change owing to the breakage of hydration layers of cations more important in regulating the counterion–{Mo132} interaction.

     
    more » « less
  6. Abstract

    The accurate distribution of countercations (Rb+and Sr2+) around a rigid, spherical, 2.9‐nm size polyoxometalate cluster, {Mo132}42−, is determined by anomalous small‐angle X‐ray scattering. Both Rb+and Sr2+ions lead to shorter diffuse lengths for {Mo132} than prediction. Most Rb+ions are closely associated with {Mo132} by staying near the skeleton of {Mo132} or in the Stern layer, whereas more Sr2+ions loosely associate with {Mo132} in the diffuse layer. The stronger affinity of Rb+ions towards {Mo132} than that of Sr2+ions explains the anomalous lower critical coagulation concentration of {Mo132} with Rb+compared to Sr2+. The anomalous behavior of {Mo132} can be attributed to majority of negative charges being located at the inner surface of its cavity. The longer anion–cation distance weakens the Coulomb interaction, making the enthalpy change owing to the breakage of hydration layers of cations more important in regulating the counterion–{Mo132} interaction.

     
    more » « less