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  1. Key Points A method to concoct non‐stationary data series is proposed Eddy covariance and wavelet analysis methods underestimate turbulent momentum flux under non‐stationary condition by about 50% Mexican hat wavelet method has the potential to accurately calculate flux of non‐stationary turbulence after correction 
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  2. Were astronauts forced to land on the surface of Mars using manual control of their vehicle, they would not have familiar gravitational cues because Mars’ gravity is only 0.38 g. They could become susceptible to spatial disorientation, potentially causing mission ending crashes. In our earlier studies, we secured blindfolded participants into a Multi-Axis Rotation System (MARS) device that was programmed to behave like an inverted pendulum. Participants used a joystick to stabilize around the balance point. We created a spaceflight analog condition by having participants dynamically balance in the horizontal roll plane, where they did not tilt relative to the gravitational vertical and therefore could not use gravitational cues to determine their position. We found 90% of participants in our spaceflight analog condition reported spatial disorientation and all of them showed it in their data. There was a high rate of crashing into boundaries that were set at ± 60 ° from the balance point. Our goal was to see whether we could use deep learning to predict the occurrence of crashes before they happened. We used stacked gated recurrent units (GRU) to predict crash events 800 ms in advance with an AUC (area under the curve) value of 99%. When we prioritized reducing false negatives we found it resulted in more false positives. We found that false negatives occurred when participants made destabilizing joystick deflections that rapidly moved the MARS away from the balance point. These unpredictable destabilizing joystick deflections, which occurred in the duration of time after the input data, are likely a result of spatial disorientation. If our model could work in real time, we calculated that immediate human action would result in the prevention of 80.7% of crashes, however, if we accounted for human reaction times (∼400 ms), only 30.3% of crashes could be prevented, suggesting that one solution could be an AI taking temporary control of the spacecraft during these moments. 
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  3. null (Ed.)
  4. Network alignment and network completion are two fundamental cornerstones behind many high-impact graph mining applications. The state-of-the-arts have been addressing these tasks in parallel. In this paper, we argue that network alignment and completion are inherently complementary with each other, and hence propose to jointly address them so that the two tasks can benefit from each other. We formulate it from the optimization perspective, and propose an effective algorithm iNEAT to solve it. The proposed method offers two distinctive advantages. First (Alignment accuracy), our method benefits from higher-quality input networks while mitigates the effect of incorrectly inferred links introduced by the completion task itself. Second (Alignment efficiency), thanks to the low-rank structure of the complete networks and alignment matrix, the alignment can be significantly accelerated. The extensive experiments demonstrate the performance of our algorithm. 
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