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  1. Building interactive data interfaces is hard because the design of an interface depends on the data processing needs for the underlying analysis task, yet we do not have a good representation for analysis tasks. To fill this gap, this paper advocates for a Data Interface Grammar (DIG) as an intermediate representation of analysis tasks. We show that DIG is compatible with existing data engineering practices, compact to represent any analysis, simple to translate into an interface design, and amenable to offline analysis. We further illustrate the potential benefits of this abstraction, such as automatic interface generation, automatic interface backend optimization, tutorial generation, and workload generation. 
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  2. With the emergence of microsecond-scale NVMe storage devices, the Linux kernel storage stack overhead has become significant, almost doubling access times. We present XRP, a framework that allows applications to execute user-defined storage functions, such as index lookups or aggregations, from an eBPF hook in the NVMe driver, safely bypassing most of the kernel’s storage stack. To preserve file system semantics, XRP propagates a small amount of kernel state to its NVMe driver hook where the user-registered eBPF functions are called. We show how two key-value stores, BPF-KV, a simple B+-tree key-value store, and WiredTiger, a popular log-structured merge tree storage engine, can leverage XRP to significantly improve throughput and latency. 
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