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  1. We introduce multilayer structures with the phase-change material Ge2Sb2Te5(GST) for use as broadband switchable absorbers in the infrared wavelength range. We optimize both the material composition and the layer thicknesses of the multilayer structures, in order to maximize the difference between the absorption for GST in its crystalline phase and the absorption for GST in its amorphous phase in the wavelength range of interest. We show that in the optimized structures near perfect absorption can be switched to very low absorption in a broad wavelength range by switching GST from its crystalline to its amorphous phase. Our optimized lithography-free structures have better performance than harder-to-fabricate three-dimensional structures. Our results could pave the way to a new class of broadband switchable absorbers and thermal sources in the infrared wavelength range.

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  2. Subramania, Ganapathi S. ; Foteinopoulou, Stavroula (Ed.)
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 4, 2024
  3. Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (2D-TMDs) have been proposed as novel optoelectronic materials for space applications due to their relatively light weight. MoS2 has been shown to have excellent semiconducting and photonic properties. Although the strong interaction of ionizing gamma radiation with bulk materials has been demonstrated, understanding its effect on atomically thin materials has scarcely been investigated. Here, we report the effect of gamma irradiation on the structural and electronic properties of a monolayer of MoS2. We perform Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) studies of MoS2, before and after gamma ray irradiation with varying doses and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The Raman spectra and XPS results demonstrate that point defects dominate after the gamma irradiation of MoS2. DFT calculations elucidate the electronic properties of MoS2 before and after irradiation. Our work makes several contributions to the field of 2D materials research. First, our study of the electronic density of states and the electronic properties of a MoS2 monolayer irradiated by gamma rays sheds light on the properties of a MoS2 monolayer under gamma irradiation. Second, our study confirms that point defects are formed as a result of gamma irradiation. And third, our DFT calculations qualitatively suggest that the conductivity of the MoS2 monolayer may increase after gamma irradiation due to the creation of additional defect states. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 23, 2024
  4. Rotational dynamics at the molecular level could provide additional data regarding protein diffusion and cytoskeleton formation at the cellular level. Due to the isotropic emission pattern of fluorescence molecules, it is challenging to extract rotational information from them during imaging. Metal nanoparticles show a polarization-dependent response and could be used for sensing rotational motion. Nanoparticles as an orientation sensing probe offer bio-compatibility and robustness against photo-blinking and photo-bleaching compared to conventional fluorescent molecules. Previously, asymmetric geometrical structures such as nanorods have been used for orientational imaging. Here, we show orientational imaging of symmetric geometrical structures such as 100 nm isolated silver nanocubes by coupling a hyperspectral detector and a focused ion beam (FIB)-fabricated correlating substrate. More than 100 nanocubes are analyzed to confirm spectral shifts in the scattering spectra due to variations in the orientation of the nanocubes with respect to the incoming light. Results are further validated using finite-difference time-domain simulations. Our observations suggest a novel strategy for high-throughput orientation imaging of nanoparticles. 
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  5. Abstract

    This paper delves into the intricate world of whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators within complex microsphere configurations, exploring their optical properties and behavior. Integrated with optical sensing and processing technology, WGM resonators offer compact size, high sensitivity, rapid response, and tunability. The study investigates the impact of configuration, size, excitation, polarization, and coupling effects on WGM properties. Notable findings include enhanced sensitivity in single microsphere resonators, influence of unequal sphere sizes and excitation locations on WGM modes, and higher quality factors (Q‐factors) in triangular three‐microsphere resonator configurations. Circular polarization was found to elevate Q‐factors, while the nine‐microsphere resonator configuration exhibited increased intensity of dominant WGM peaks with higher laser power, suppressing other peaks. These insights guide the design and optimization of microsphere resonator systems, positioning them for applications in sensing and optical information processing.

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