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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  3. The ever-increasing needs of supporting real-time applications have spurred new studies on minimizing Age-of-Information (AoI), a novel metric characterizing the data freshness of the system. This work studies the single-queue information update system and strengthens the seminal results of Sun et al. on the following fronts: (i) When designing the optimal offline schemes with full knowledge of the delay distributions, a new fixed-point-based method is proposed with quadratic convergence rate, an order-of-magnitude improvement over the state-of-the-art; (ii) When the distributional knowledge is unavailable (which is the norm in practice), two new low-complexity online algorithms are proposed, which provably attain the optimal average AoI penalty; and (iii) the online schemes also admit a modular architecture, which allows the designer to upgrade certain components to handle additional practical challenges. Two such upgrades are proposed for the situations: (iii.1) The AoI penalty function is also unknown and must be estimated on the fly, and (iii.2) the unknown delay distribution is Markovian instead of i.i.d. The performance of our schemes is either provably optimal or within 3% of the omniscient optimal offline solutions in all simulation scenarios. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2024
  4. One canonical example of Age-Of-Information (AoI) minimization is the update-through-queues models. Existing results fall into two categories: The open-loop setting for which the sender is oblivious of the actual packet departure time, versus the closed-loop setting for which the decision is based on instantaneous Acknowledgement (ACK). Neither setting perfectly reflects modern networked systems, which almost always rely on feedback that experiences some delay. Motivated by this observation, this work subjects the ACK traffic to an independent queue so that the closed-loop decision is made based on delayed feedback. Near-optimal schedulers have been devised, which smoothly transition from the instantaneous-ACK to the open loop schemes depending on how long the feedback delay is. The results thus quantify the benefits of delayed feedback for AoI minimization in the update-through-queues systems. 
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  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  6. The most commonly used setting in the coded caching literature consists of the following four elements: (i) homogeneous file sizes, (ii) homogeneous cache sizes, (iii) user-independent homogeneous file popularity (i.e., all users share the same file preference), and (iv) worst-case rate analysis. While recent results have relaxed some of these assumptions, deeper understanding of the full heterogeneity setting is still much needed since traditional caching schemes place little assumptions on file/cache sizes and almost always allow each user to have his/her own file preference through individualized file request prediction. Taking a microscopic approach, this paper characterizes the exact capacity of the smallest 2-user/2-file (N = K = 2) problem but under the most general setting that simultaneously allows for (i) heterogeneous files sizes, (ii) heterogeneous cache sizes, (iii) user-dependent file popularity, and (iv) average-rate analysis. Solving completely the case of N = K = 2 could shed further insights on the performance and complexity of optimal coded caching with full heterogeneity for arbitrary N and K. 
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