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Creators/Authors contains: "Wang, Lei"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
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  5. Theoretical and experimental studies of electron-hole friction limited transport in bilayer graphene with a tunable bandgap.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 15, 2023
  6. A capacitance increase phenomenon is observed for MoO 3 electrodes synthesized via a sol-gel process in the presence of dopamine hydrochloride (Dopa HCl) as compared to α-MoO 3 electrodes in 5M ZnCl 2 aqueous electrolyte. The synthesis approach is based on a hydrogen peroxide-initiated sol-gel reaction to which the Dopa HCl is added. The powder precursor (Dopa) x MoO y , is isolated from the metastable gel using freeze-drying. Hydrothermal treatment (HT) of the precursor results in the formation of MoO 3 accompanied by carbonization of the organic molecules; designated as HT-MoO 3 /C. HT of the precipitate formed inmore »the absence of dopamine in the reaction produced α-MoO 3 , which was used as a reference material in this study (α-MoO 3 -ref). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images show a nanobelt morphology for both HT-MoO 3 /C and α-MoO 3 -ref powders, but with distinct differences in the shape of the nanobelts. The presence of carbonaceous content in the structure of HT-MoO 3 /C is confirmed by FTIR and Raman spectroscopy measurements. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld refinement analysis demonstrate the presence of α-MoO 3 and h-MoO 3 phases in the structure of HT-MoO 3 /C. The increased specific capacitance delivered by the HT-MoO 3 /C electrode as compared to the α-MoO 3 -ref electrode in 5M ZnCl 2 electrolyte in a −0.25–0.70 V vs. Ag/AgCl potential window triggered a more detailed study in an expanded potential window. In the 5M ZnCl 2 electrolyte at a scan rate of 2 mV s −1 , the HT-MoO 3 /C electrode shows a second cycle capacitance of 347.6 F g −1 . The higher electrochemical performance of the HT-MoO 3 /C electrode can be attributed to the presence of carbon in its structure, which can facilitate electron transport. Our study provides a new route for further development of metal oxides for energy storage applications.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 19, 2023
  7. Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematological cancer with inevitable drug resistance. MM cells interacting with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) undergo substantial changes in the transcriptome and develop de novo multi-drug resistance. As a critical component in transcriptional regulation, how the chromatin landscape is transformed in MM cells exposed to BMSCs and contributes to the transcriptional response to BMSCs remains elusive. We profiled the transcriptome and regulome for MM cells using a transwell coculture system with BMSCs. The transcriptome and regulome of MM cells from the upper transwell resembled MM cells that coexisted with BMSCs from the lower chamber butmore »were distinctive to monoculture. BMSC-induced genes were enriched in the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway, unfolded protein stress, signatures of early plasma cells, and response to proteasome inhibitors. Genes with increasing accessibility at multiple regulatory sites were preferentially induced by BMSCs; these genes were enriched in functions linked to responses to drugs and unfavorable clinic outcomes. We proposed JUNB and ATF4::CEBPβ as candidate transcription factors (TFs) that modulate the BMSC-induced transformation of the regulome linked to the transcriptional response. Together, we characterized the BMSC-induced transcriptome and regulome signatures of MM cells to facilitate research on epigenetic mechanisms of BMSC-induced multi-drug resistance in MM.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2023
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  9. Abstract

    Understanding the current response at an electrode from suspended solid particles in an electrolyte is crucial for developing materials to be used in semi-solid electrodes for energy storage applications. Here, an analytical model is proposed to predict and understand the current response from non-disintegrable solid particles at a rotating disk electrode. The current is shown to be limited by a combination of ion diffusion within the solid particle and the mean residence time of the particle at the rotating disk electrode. This results in a relationship between current and angular frequency of I∝ω^(3/4), instead of the classical I∝ω^(1/2) predictedmore »by Levich theory. Specifically, the current response of Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) microparticles suspended in a non-aqueous electrolyte of lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6) in ethylene carbonate: diethyl carbonate (EC:DEC) was determined experimentally and compared favorably with predictions from the proposed analytical model using fitting parameters consistent with the experimental conditions.

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