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  1. Co-evolving sequences are ubiquitous in a variety of applications, where different sequences are often inherently inter-connected with each other. We refer to such sequences, together with their inherent connections modeled as a structured network, as network of co-evolving sequences (NoCES). Typical NoCES applications in- clude road traffic monitoring, company revenue prediction, motion capture, etc. To date, it remains a daunting challenge to accurately model NoCES due to the coupling between network structure and sequences. In this paper, we propose to modeling NoCES with the aim of simultaneously capturing both the dynamics and the inter- play between network structure and sequences. Specifically, we propose a joint learning framework to alternatively update the network representations and sequence representations as the se- quences evolve over time. A unique feature of our framework lies in that it can deal with the case when there are co-evolving sequences on both network nodes and edges. Experimental evaluations on four real datasets demonstrate that the proposed approach (1) out- performs the existing competitors in terms of prediction accuracy, and (2) scales linearly w.r.t. the sequence length and the network size.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2023
  2. Network embedding aims to automatically learn the node representations in networks. The basic idea of network embedding is to first construct a network to describe the neighborhood context for each node, and then learn the node representations by designing an objective function to preserve certain properties of the constructed context network. The vast majority of the existing methods, explicitly or implicitly, follow a pointwise design principle. That is, the objective can be decomposed into the summation of the certain goodness function over each individual edge of the context network. In this paper, we propose to go beyond such pointwise approaches, and introduce the ranking-oriented design principle for network embedding. The key idea is to decompose the overall objective function into the summation of a goodness function over a set of edges to collectively preserve their relative rankings on the context network. We instantiate the ranking-oriented design principle by two new network embedding algorithms, including a pairwise network embedding method PaWine which optimizes the relative weights of edge pairs, and a listwise method LiWine which optimizes the relative weights of edge lists. Both proposed algorithms bear a linear time complexity, making themselves scalable to large networks. We conduct extensive experimental evaluationsmore »on five real datasets with a variety of downstream learning tasks, which demonstrate that the proposed approaches consistently outperform the existing methods.« less
  3. Network embedding, which learns the low-dimensional representations of nodes, has gained significant research attention. Despite its superior empirical success, often measured by the prediction performance of downstream tasks (e.g., multi-label classification), it is unclear why a given embedding algorithm outputs the specific node representations, and how the resulting node representations relate to the structure of the input network. In this paper, we propose to discern the edge influence as the first step towards understanding skip-gram basd network embedding methods. For this purpose, we propose an auditing framework NEAR, whose key part includes two algorithms (NEAR-ADD and NEAR-DEL) to effectively and efficiently quantify the influence of each edge. Based on the algorithms, we further identify high-influential edges by exploiting the linkage between edge influence and the network structure. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithms (NEAR-ADD and NEAR-DEL) are significantly faster (up to 2, 000×) than straightforward methods with little quality loss. Moreover, the proposed framework can efficiently identify the most influential edges for network embedding in the context of downstream prediction task and adversarial attacking.
  4. Bug tracking systems, which help to track the reported software bugs, have been widely used in software development and maintenance. In these systems, recognizing relevant source files among a large number of source files for a given bug report is a time-consuming and labor-intensive task for software developers. To tackle this problem, information retrieval methods have been widely used to capture either the textual similarities or the semantic similarities between bug reports and source files. However, these two types of similarities are usually considered separately and the historical bug fixings are largely ignored by the existing methods. In this paper, we propose a supervised topic modeling method (STMLOCATOR) for automatically locating the relevant source files for a given bug report. In particular, the proposed model is built upon three key observations. First, supervised modeling can effectively make use of the existing fixing histories. Second, certain words in bug reports tend to appear multiple times in their relevant source files. Third, longer source files tend to have more bugs. By integrating the above three observations, the proposed STMLOCATOR utilizes historical fixings in a supervised way and learns both the textual similarities and semantic similarities between bug reports and source files. Wemore »further consider a special type of bug reports with stack-traces in bug reports, and propose a variant of STMLOCATOR to tailor for such bug reports. Experimental evaluations on three real data sets demonstrate that the proposed STMLOCATOR can achieve up to 23.6% improvement in terms of prediction accuracy over its best competitors, and scales linearly with the size of the data. Moreover, the proposed variant further improves STMLOCATOR by up to 76.2% on those bug reports with stack-traces.« less