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  1. The modification by molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) buffer layer on the electronic structure between Co and black phosphorus (BP) was investigated with ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS) and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS). It was found that the MoO3 buffer layer could effectively prevent the destruction of the outermost BP lattice during the Co deposition, with the symmetry of the lattice remaining maintained. There is a noticeable interfacial charge transfer in addition to the chemical reaction between Co and MoO3. The growth pattern of Co deposited onto the MoO3/BP film is the island growth mode. The observations reveal the significance of a MoO3 buffer layer on the electronic structure between Co and black phosphorus and provide help for the design of high-performance Co/BP-based spintronic devices. 
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  2. Van der Waals (vdW) epitaxial growth provides an efficient strategy to prepare heterostructures with atomically and electronically sharp interfaces. Herein, PbI2 was in situ thermally deposited onto exfoliated thin−layered CrOCl nanoflakes in high vacuum to fabricate vdW PbI2/CrOCl heterostructures. Optical microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X−ray diffraction, and temperature−dependent Raman spectroscopy were used to investigate the structural properties and phonon behaviors of the heterostructures. The morphology of PbI2 films on the CrOCl substrate obviously depended on the substrate temperature, changing from hemispherical granules to 2D nanoflakes with flat top surfaces. In addition, anomalous blueshift of the Ag1 and Au2 modes as the temperature increased in PbI2/CrOCl heterostructure was observed for the first time. Our results provide a novel material platform for the vdW heterostructure and a possible method for optimizing heterostructure growth behaviors. 
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  3. Abstract The interfacial modification effect of the molybdenum trioxide (MoO 3 ) buffer layer inserted between Al and black phosphorus (BP) was investigated with photoemission spectroscopy. The results show that MoO 3 buffer layer can effectively prevent the destruction of the outermost BP lattice by Al thermal deposition and change the interface electronic structure between Al and BP. At the MoO 3 /BP interface, there is an interface dipole pointing from MoO 3 to BP. During the metal deposition process, an interfacial chemical reaction between Al and MoO 3 was found. These observations would provide insight for fabricating high-performance BP-based devices. 
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  4. Hydrophobic and long-chain molecule oleylamine is used to modify the spiro-OMeTAD matrix, which is then adopted for the hole-transport layer in perovskite solar cells. It is observed that after moderate doping, the power conversion efficiency of the devices increases from 17.82 (±1.47)% to 20.68 (±0.77)%, with the optimized efficiency of 21.57% (AM 1.5G, 100 mW/cm2). The improved efficiency is ascribed to the favored charge extraction and retarded charge recombination, as reflected by transient photovoltage/photocurrent curves and impedance spectroscopy measurement. In addition, the grazing incidence photoluminescence spectrum reveals that oleylamine doping causes a blue shift of the luminescence peak of the surface layer of the halide perovskite film, while the Mott−Schottky study observes 100 mV increment in the built-in potential, both of which indicate possible defect passivation behavior on the perovskite. Moreover, an accelerated damp test observes that moisture resistance of the device is also upgraded, which is due to the improved hydrophobicity of the spiro-OMeTAD matrix. 
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    X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were applied to investigate the electronic structure and molecular packing of C8-BTBT on HOPG with an ultrathin C 60 interlayer. It was found that C8-BTBT displays a Vollmer–Weber (V–W) growth mode on HOPG, with an ultrathin C 60 interlayer (0.7 nm). Compared to the uniform lying-down growth mode as directly grown on HOPG, the C8-BTBT molecules here adopt a lying-down orientation at low coverage with some small tilt angles because the π–π interaction between C8-BTBT and HOPG is partly disturbed by the C 60 interlayer, delivering a higher highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) in C8-BTBT. An interface dipole of 0.14 eV is observed due to electron transport from C8-BTBT to C 60 . The upward and downward band bending in C8-BTBT and C 60 , respectively, near the C8-BTBT/C 60 interface reduces the hole transport barrier at the interface, facilitating the hole injection from C 60 to C8-BTBT, while a large electron transfer barrier from C 60 to C8-BTBT is detected at this interface, which effectively limits electron injection from C 60 to C8-BTBT. The HOMO of C8-BTBT near the interface is largely lifted up by the C 60 insertion layer, which causes a p-doping effect and increases the hole mobility in C8-BTBT. Furthermore, owing to the lowest occupied molecular orbital (LUMO) of C 60 residing in the gap of C8-BTBT, charge transfer occurs between C 60 and the trap states in C8-BTBT to effectively passivate the trapping states. Our efforts aid a better understanding of the electron structure and film growth of anisotropic molecules and provide a useful strategy to improve the performance of C8-BTBT-based devices. 
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  7. So, Franky ; Adachi, Chihaya ; Kim, Jang-Joo (Ed.)
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