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  1. Multimode lasing at sub-300 nm wavelengths is demonstrated by optical pumping in AlGaN heterostructures grown on single-crystal AlN substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Edge-emitting ridge-based Fabry–Pérot cavities are fabricated with the epitaxial AlN/AlGaN double heterostructure by a combined inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etch and tetramethylammonium hydroxide etch. The emitters exhibit peak gain at 284 nm and modal linewidths on the order of 0.1 nm at room temperature. The applied growth technique and its chemical and heterostructural design characteristics offer certain unique capabilities toward further development of electrically injected AlGaN laser diodes.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023
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  3. Abstract Harnessing resonant tunneling transport in III-nitride semiconductors to boost the operating frequencies of electronic and photonic devices, requires a thorough understanding of the mechanisms that limit coherent tunneling injection. Towards this goal, we present a concerted experimental and theoretical study that elucidates the impact of the collector doping setback on the quantum transport characteristics of GaN/AlN resonant tunneling diodes (RTDs). Employing our analytical model for polar RTDs, we quantify the width of the resonant-tunneling line shape, demonstrating that the setback helps preserve coherent injection. This design results in consistently higher peak-to-valley-current ratios (PVCRs), obtaining a maximum PVCR = 2.01 at cryogenic temperatures.
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  8. The electronic structure of heterointerfaces is a pivotal factor for their device functionality. We use soft x-ray angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy to directly measure the momentum-resolved electronic band structures on both sides of the Schottky heterointerface formed by epitaxial films of the superconducting NbN on semiconducting GaN, and determine their momentum-dependent interfacial band offset as well as the band-bending profile. We find, in particular, that the Fermi states in NbN are well separated in energy and momentum from the states in GaN, excluding any notable electronic cross-talk of the superconducting states in NbN to GaN. We support the experimental findings with first-principles calculations for bulk NbN and GaN. The Schottky barrier height obtained from photoemission is corroborated by electronic transport and optical measurements. The momentum-resolved understanding of electronic properties of interfaces elucidated in our work opens up new frontiers for the quantum materials where interfacial states play a defining role.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 24, 2022