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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  2. Abstract

    Designing and printing metamaterials with customizable architectures enables the realization of unprecedented mechanical behaviors that transcend those of their constituent materials. These behaviors are recorded in the form of response curves, with stress-strain curves describing their quasi-static footprint. However, existing inverse design approaches are yet matured to capture the full desired behaviors due to challenges stemmed from multiple design objectives, nonlinear behavior, and process-dependent manufacturing errors. Here, we report a rapid inverse design methodology, leveraging generative machine learning and desktop additive manufacturing, which enables the creation of nearly all possible uniaxial compressive stress‒strain curve cases while accounting for process-dependent errors from printing. Results show that mechanical behavior with full tailorability can be achieved with nearly 90% fidelity between target and experimentally measured results. Our approach represents a starting point to inverse design materials that meet prescribed yet complex behaviors and potentially bypasses iterative design-manufacturing cycles.

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  3. Architected metamaterials have emerged as a central topic in materials science and mechanics, thanks to the rapid development of additive manufacturing techniques, which have enabled artificial materials with outstanding mechanical properties. This Letter seeks to investigate the elastodynamic behavior of octet truss lattices as an important type of architected metamaterials for high effective strength and vibration shielding. We design, fabricate, and experimentally characterize three types of octet truss structures, including two homogenous structures with either thin or thick struts and one hybrid structure with alternating strut thickness. High elastic wave transmission rate is observed for the lattice with thick struts, while strong vibration mitigation is captured from the homogenous octet truss structure with thin struts as well as the hybrid octet truss lattice, though the underlying mechanisms for attenuation are fundamentally different (viscoelasticity induced dampening vs bandgaps). Compressional tests are also conducted to evaluate the effective stiffness of the three lattices. This study could open an avenue toward multifunctional architected metamaterials for vibration shielding with high mechanical strength.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 24, 2024
  4. Printed low-density materials form microrobots capable of high-speed motion, force output, and self-sensing feedback. 
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