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We prove that large classes of algebras in the framework of root of unity quantum cluster algebras have the structures of maximal orders in central simple algebras and Cayley–Hamilton algebras in the sense of Procesi. We show that every root of unity upper quantum cluster algebra is a maximal order and obtain an explicit formula for its reduced trace. Under mild assumptions, inside each such algebra we construct a canonical central subalgebra isomorphic to the underlying upper cluster algebra, such that the pair is a Cayley–Hamilton algebra; its fully Azumaya locus is shown to contain a copy of the underlying cluster A \mathcal {A} variety. Both results are proved in the wider generality of intersections of mixed quantum tori over subcollections of seeds. Furthermore, we prove that all monomial subalgebras of root of unity quantum tori are Cayley–Hamilton algebras and classify those ones that are maximal orders. Arbitrary intersections of those over subsets of seeds are also proved to be Cayley–Hamilton algebras. Previous approaches to constructing maximal orders relied on filtration and homological methods. We use new methods based on cluster algebras.more » « lessFree, publiclyaccessible full text available October 10, 2024

Free, publiclyaccessible full text available September 1, 2024

Abstract The two main approaches to the study of irreducible representations of orders (via traces and Poisson orders) have so far been applied in a completely independent fashion. We define and study a natural compatibility relation between the two approaches leading to the notion of Poisson trace orders. It is proved that all regular and reduced traces are always compatible with any Poisson order structure. The modified discriminant ideals of all Poisson trace orders are proved to be Poisson ideals and the zero loci of discriminant ideals are shown to be unions of symplectic cores, under natural assumptions (maximal orders and Cayley–Hamilton algebras). A base change theorem for Poisson trace orders is proved. A broad range of Poisson trace orders are constructed based on the proved theorems: quantized universal enveloping algebras, quantum Schubert cell algebras and quantum function algebras at roots of unity, symplectic reflection algebras, 3D and 4D Sklyanin algebras, Drinfeld doubles of preNichols algebras of diagonal type, and root of unity quantum cluster algebras.more » « lessFree, publiclyaccessible full text available May 4, 2024

Abstract Beginning with the work of Landau, Pollak and Slepian in the 1960s on time‐band limiting, commuting pairs of integral and differential operators have played a key role in signal processing, random matrix theory, and integrable systems. Previously, such pairs were constructed by ad hoc methods, which essentially worked because a commuting operator of low order could be found by a direct calculation. We describe a general approach to these problems that proves that every point
W of Wilson's infinite dimensional adelic Grassmannian gives rise to an integral operator , acting on for a contour , which reflects a differential operator with rational coefficients in the sense that on a dense subset of . By using analytic methods and methods from integrable systems, we show that the reflected differential operator can be constructed from the Fourier algebra of the associated bispectral function . The exact size of this algebra with respect to a bifiltration is in turn determined using algebro‐geometric methods. Intrinsic properties of four involutions of the adelic Grassmannian naturally lead us to consider the reflecting property above in place of plain commutativity. Furthermore, we prove that the time‐band limited operators of the generalized Laplace transforms with kernels given by the rank one bispectral functions always reflect a differential operator. A 90° rotation argument is used to prove that the time‐band limited operators of the generalized Fourier transforms with kernels admit a commuting differential operator. These methods produce vast collections of integral operators with prolate‐spheroidal properties, associated to the wave functions of all rational solutions of the KP hierarchy vanishing at infinity, introduced by Krichever in the late 1970s. 
Abstract The problem of whether the cohomological support map of a finite dimensional Hopf algebra has the tensor product property has attracted a lot of attention following the earlier developments on representations of finite group schemes. Many authors have focused on concrete situations where positive and negative results have been obtained by direct arguments. In this paper we demonstrate that it is natural to study questions involving the tensor product property in the broader setting of a monoidal triangulated category. We give an intrinsic characterization by proving that the tensor product property for the universal support datum is equivalent to complete primeness of the categorical spectrum. From these results one obtains information for other support data, including the cohomological one. Two theorems are proved giving compete primeness and noncomplete primeness in certain general settings. As an illustration of the methods, we give a proof of a recent conjecture of Negron and Pevtsova on the tensor product property for the cohomological support maps for the small quantum Borel algebras for all complex simple Lie algebras.more » « less