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  1. The Stoner–Wohlfarth model is a classical model for magnetic hysteresis of single-domain magnets. For two-dimensional (2D) magnets at finite temperatures, the Stoner–Wohlfarth model must be extended to include intrinsic strong spin fluctuations. We predict several fundamentally different hysteresis properties between 2D and 3D magnets. The magnetization switching diagram known as the astroid figure in the conventional Stoner–Wohlfarth model becomes highly temperature dependent and asymmetric with respect to the transverse and longitudinal magnetic fields. Our results provide new insights into the spintronics applications based on 2D magnetic materials. 
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  3. Abstract

    The anomalous Hall effect, observed in conducting ferromagnets with broken time-reversal symmetry, offers the possibility to couple spin and orbital degrees of freedom of electrons in ferromagnets. In addition to charge, the anomalous Hall effect also leads to spin accumulation at the surfaces perpendicular to both the current and magnetization direction. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that the spin accumulation, subsequent spin backflow, and spin–charge conversion can give rise to a different type of spin current-related spin current related magnetoresistance, dubbed here as the anomalous Hall magnetoresistance, which has the same angular dependence as the recently discovered spin Hall magnetoresistance. The anomalous Hall magnetoresistance is observed in four types of samples: co-sputtered (Fe1−xMnx)0.6Pt0.4, Fe1−xMnx/Pt multilayer, Fe1−xMnxwithx = 0.17–0.65 and Fe, and analyzed using the drift-diffusion model. Our results provide an alternative route to study charge–spin conversion in ferromagnets and to exploit it for potential spintronic applications.

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