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  1. Current hand wearables have limited customizability, they are loose-fit to an individual's hand and lack comfort. The main barrier in customizing hand wearables is the geometric complexity and size variation in hands. Moreover, there are different functions that the users can be looking for; some may only want to detect hand's motion or orientation; others may be interested in tracking their vital signs. Current wearables usually fit multiple functions and are designed for a universal user with none or limited customization. There are no specialized tools that facilitate the creation of customized hand wearables for varying hand sizes and providemore »different functionalities. We envision an emerging generation of customizable hand wearables that supports hand differences and promotes hand exploration with additional functionality. We introduce FabHandWear, a novel system that allows end-to-end design and fabrication of customized functional self-contained hand wearables. FabHandWear is designed to work with off-the-shelf electronics, with the ability to connect them automatically and generate a printable pattern for fabrication. We validate our system by using illustrative applications, a durability test, and an empirical user evaluation. Overall, FabHandWear offers the freedom to create customized, functional, and manufacturable hand wearables.« less
  2. Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as a novel template to develop porous photocatalytic materials for solar fuel conversion. In this work, we report the synthesis, charge separation dynamics, and photocatalytic performance of the TiO 2 /CuO heterostructure derived from mixed-phase MOFs based on Ti and Cu metal nodes, which demonstrates significantly enhanced catalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) compared to metal oxides derived from single node MOFs. More importantly, using transient absorption spectroscopy, we identified the specific role each component in the heterostructure plays and unravelled the key intermediate species that is responsible for the exceptional photocatalyticmore »activity of the heterostructure. We found that the HER is initiated with ultrafast electron transfer (<150 fs) from the molecular photosensitizer to the conduction band of TiO 2 , where TiO 2 acts as an electron mediator and shuttles the electron to the CuO cocatalyst, facilitating charge separation and ultimately boosting the HER efficiency. These results not only demonstrate the great potential of using mixed-phase MOFs as templates to synthesize mesoporous heterostructure photocatalysts but also provide important insight into the HER mechanism.« less
  3. Today, the current trends of manufacturing are towards the adaptation and implementation of smart manufacturing, which is a new initiative to turn the traditional factories into profitable innovation facilities. However, the concept and technologies are still in a state of infancy, since many manufacturers around the world are not fully knowledgeable about the benefits of smart manufacturing compared to their current practices. This article reviews several aspects of smart manufacturing and introduces its advantages in terms of energy-saving and production efficiency. This article also points out that some areas need further research so that smart manufacturing can be shaped better.
  4. Current Computer-Aided Design (CAD) tools lack proper support for guiding novice users towards designs ready for fabrication. We propose Shape Structuralizer (SS), an interactive design support system that repurposes surface models into structural constructions using rods and custom 3Dprinted joints. Shape Structuralizer embeds a recommendation system that computationally supports the user during design ideation by providing design suggestions on local refinements of the design. This strategy enables novice users to choose designs that both satisfy stress constraints as well as their personal design intent. The interactive guidance enables users to repurpose existing surface mesh models, analyze them in-situ for stressmore »and displacement constraints, add movable joints to increase functionality, and attach a customized appearance. This also empowers novices to fabricate even complex constructs while ensuring structural soundness. We validate the Shape Structuralizer tool with a qualitative user study where we observed that even novice users were able to generate a large number of structurally safe designs for fabrication.« less