skip to main content

Search for: All records

Award ID contains: 1663055

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Abstract

    A model of the scanning‐caused soft sample deformation during atomic force microscope contact‐mode (CM) imaging is developed. CM imaging has been widely used for topography characterization of live biological samples such as live cells. However, due to the intrinsic softness of these samples, the sample surface deformation caused by the probe–sample interaction leads to significant error in the topography images obtained, and damage to the live biological sample. Although the deformation can be reduced by imaging at a rather slow scan rate (e.g., less than 0.2 Hz), such a low‐speed imaging not only is time consuming, but also inevitably induces large temporal error. In this work, the scanning‐caused surface deformation of soft samples is modeled and quantified, including live biological samples in CM imaging. Effects of both the scanning and the coupling between the vertical and the lateral deformation on the deformation are characterized. The proposed deformation model is validated by implementing it to quantify the topography image difference caused by the scanning‐caused surface deformation of live prostate cancer cells imaged at two different (high and low) speeds, respectively.

    more » « less
  2. Abstract This paper presents a software-hardware integrated approach to high-speed large-range dynamic mode imaging of atomic force microscope (AFM). High speed AFM imaging is needed to interrogate dynamic processes at nanoscale such as cellular interactions and polymer crystallization process. High-speed dynamic-modes such as tapping-mode AFM imaging is challenging as the probe tapping motion is sensitive to the highly nonlinear probe-sample interaction during the imaging process. The existing hardware-based approach via bandwidth enlargement, however, results in a substantially reduction of imaging area that can be covered. Contrarily, control (algorithm)-based approach, for example, the recently developed adaptive multiloop mode (AMLM) technique, has demonstrated its efficacy in increasing the tapping-mode imaging speed without loss of imaging size. Further improvement, however, has been limited by the hardware bandwidth and online signal processing speed and computation complexity.Thus, in this paper, the AMLM technique is further enhanced to optimize the probe tapping regulation and integrated with a field programmable gate array (FPGA) platform to further increase the imaging speed without loss of imaging quality and range. Experimental implementation of the proposed approach demonstrates that the high-quality imaging can be achieved at a high-speed scanning rate of 100 Hz and higher, and over a large imaging area of over 20 µm.  
    more » « less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 19, 2024
  3. Abstract This paper is concerned with solving, from the learning-based decomposition control viewpoint, the problem of output tracking with nonperiodic tracking–transition switching. Such a nontraditional tracking problem occurs in applications where sessions for tracking a given desired trajectory are alternated with those for transiting the output with given boundary conditions. It is challenging to achieve precision tracking while maintaining smooth tracking–transition switching, as postswitching oscillations can be induced due to the mismatch of the boundary states at the switching instants, and the tracking performance can be limited by the nonminimum-phase (NMP) zeros of the system and effected by factors such as input constraints and external disturbances. Although recently an approach by combining the system-inversion with optimization techniques has been proposed to tackle these challenges, modeling of the system dynamics and complicated online computation are needed, and the controller obtained can be sensitive to model uncertainties. In this work, a learning-based decomposition control technique is developed to overcome these limitations. A dictionary of input–output bases is constructed offline a priori via data-driven iterative learning first. The input–output bases are used online to decompose the desired output in the tracking sessions and design an optimal desired transition trajectory with minimal transition time under input-amplitude constraint. Finally, the control input is synthesized based on the superpositioning principle and further optimized online to account for system variations and external disturbance. The proposed approach is illustrated through a nanopositioning control experiment on a piezoelectric actuator. 
    more » « less