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  6. Supervised dimensionality reduction for sequence data learns a transformation that maps the observations in sequences onto a low-dimensional subspace by maximizing the separability of sequences in different classes. It is typically more challenging than conventional dimensionality reduction for static data, because measuring the separability of sequences involves non-linear procedures to manipulate the temporal structures. In this paper, we propose a linear method, called Order-preserving Wasserstein Discriminant Analysis (OWDA), and its deep extension, namely DeepOWDA, to learn linear and non-linear discriminative subspace for sequence data, respectively. We construct novel separability measures between sequence classes based on the order-preserving Wasserstein (OPW) distancemore »to capture the essential differences among their temporal structures. Specifically, for each class, we extract the OPW barycenter and construct the intra-class scatter as the dispersion of the training sequences around the barycenter. The inter-class distance is measured as the OPW distance between the corresponding barycenters. We learn the linear and non-linear transformations by maximizing the inter-class distance and minimizing the intra-class scatter. In this way, the proposed OWDA and DeepOWDA are able to concentrate on the distinctive differences among classes by lifting the geometric relations with temporal constraints. Experiments on four 3D action recognition datasets show the effectiveness of OWDA and DeepOWDA.« less
  7. Person Re-IDentification (P-RID), as an instance-level recognition problem, still remains challenging in computer vision community. Many P-RID works aim to learn faithful and discriminative features/metrics from offline training data and directly use them for the unseen online testing data. However, their performance is largely limited due to the severe data shifting issue between training and testing data. Therefore, we propose an online joint multi-metric adaptation model to adapt the offline learned P-RID models for the online data by learning a series of metrics for all the sharing-subsets. Each sharing-subset is obtained from the proposed novel frequent sharing-subset mining module andmore »contains a group of testing samples which share strong visual similarity relationships to each other. Unlike existing online P-RID methods, our model simultaneously takes both the sample-specific discriminant and the set-based visual similarity among testing samples into consideration so that the adapted multiple metrics can refine the discriminant of all the given testing samples jointly via a multi-kernel late fusion framework. Our proposed model is generally suitable to any offline learned P-RID baselines for online boosting, the performance improvement by our model is not only verified by extensive experiments on several widely-used P-RID benchmarks (CUHK03, Market1501, DukeMTMC-reID and MSMT17) and state-of-the-art P-RID baselines but also guaranteed by the provided in-depth theoretical analyses.« less
  8. Assessing action quality from videos has attracted growing attention in recent years. Most existing approaches usually tackle this problem based on regression algorithms, which ignore the intrinsic ambiguity in the score labels caused by multiple judges or their subjective appraisals. To address this issue, we propose an uncertainty-aware score distribution learning (USDL) approach for action quality assessment (AQA). Specifically, we regard an action as an instance associated with a score distribution, which describes the probability of different evaluated scores. Moreover, under the circumstance where fine-grained score labels are available (e.g., difficulty degree of an action or multiple scores from differentmore »judges), we further devise a multi-path uncertainty-aware score distributions learning (MUSDL) method to explore the disentangled components of a score. We conduct experiments on three AQA datasets containing various Olympic actions and surgical activities, where our approaches set new state-of-the-arts under the Spearman’s Rank Correlation.« less