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  1. Abstract

    Additive manufacturing at the micron and sub‐micron scale is a rapidly expanding field with electrohydrodynamic inkjet (EHDIJ) printing proving to be a critical fabrication technique that will enable continued advancement. Increasing the range of materials that can be used with EHDIJ printing to create micron and sub‐micron scale features is critical for increasing the variety of devices that can be fabricated with this method. Ceramic, semiconducting, and hybrid organic–inorganic materials are essential for meta‐optics and micro‐electromechanical systems devices, yet these materials are vastly underexplored for applications in EHDIJ printing. A novel printing solution is presented containing a titania alkoxide precursor that is compatible with EHDIJ printing and capable of producing final printed features of 1 µm and below; the highest resolution features ever reported for this family of materials and this method. This solution is used to fabricate the first EHDIJ printed and functioning mid‐infrared meta‐optics lens, capable of focusing 5 µm light.

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  2. Abstract

    Nano-optic imagers that modulate light at sub-wavelength scales could enable new applications in diverse domains ranging from robotics to medicine. Although metasurface optics offer a path to such ultra-small imagers, existing methods have achieved image quality far worse than bulky refractive alternatives, fundamentally limited by aberrations at large apertures and low f-numbers. In this work, we close this performance gap by introducing a neural nano-optics imager. We devise a fully differentiable learning framework that learns a metasurface physical structure in conjunction with a neural feature-based image reconstruction algorithm. Experimentally validating the proposed method, we achieve an order of magnitude lower reconstruction error than existing approaches. As such, we present a high-quality, nano-optic imager that combines the widest field-of-view for full-color metasurface operation while simultaneously achieving the largest demonstrated aperture of 0.5 mm at an f-number of 2.

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  3. Abstract

    Ultrathin meta-optics offer unmatched, multifunctional control of light. Next-generation optical technologies, however, demand unprecedented performance. This will likely require design algorithms surpassing the capability of human intuition. For the adjoint method, this requires explicitly deriving gradients, which is sometimes challenging for certain photonics problems. Existing techniques also comprise a patchwork of application-specific algorithms, each focused in scope and scatterer type. Here, we leverage algorithmic differentiation as used in artificial neural networks, treating photonic design parameters as trainable weights, optical sources as inputs, and encapsulating device performance in the loss function. By solving a complex, degenerate eigenproblem and formulating rigorous coupled-wave analysis as a computational graph, we support both arbitrary, parameterized scatterers and topology optimization. With iteration times below the cost of two forward simulations typical of adjoint methods, we generate multilayer, multifunctional, and aperiodic meta-optics. As an open-source platform adaptable to other algorithms and problems, we enable fast and flexible meta-optical design.

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  4. Abstract We report an inverse-designed, high numerical aperture (∼0.44), extended depth of focus (EDOF) meta-optic, which exhibits a lens-like point spread function (PSF). The EDOF meta-optic maintains a focusing efficiency comparable to that of a hyperboloid metalens throughout its depth of focus. Exploiting the extended depth of focus and computational post processing, we demonstrate broadband imaging across the full visible spectrum using a 1 mm, f/1 meta-optic. Unlike other canonical EDOF meta-optics, characterized by phase masks such as a log-asphere or cubic function, our design exhibits a highly invariant PSF across ∼290 nm optical bandwidth, which leads to significantly improved image quality, as quantified by structural similarity metrics. 
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  5. Controlling the propagation of optical fields in three dimensions using arrays of discrete dielectric scatterers is an active area of research. These arrays can create optical elements with functionalities unrealizable in conventional optics. Here, we present an inverse design method based on the inverse Mie scattering problem for producing three-dimensional optical field patterns. Using this method, we demonstrate a device that focuses 1.55-μm light into a depth-variant discrete helical pattern. The reported device is fabricated using two-photon lithography and has a footprint of 144 μm by 144 μm, the largest of any inverse-designed photonic structure to date. This inverse design method constitutes an important step toward designer free-space optics, where unique optical elements are produced for user-specified functionalities. 
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