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  1. Abstract

    Quantum transduction, the process of converting quantum signals from one form of energy to another, is an important area of quantum science and technology. The present perspective article reviews quantum transduction between microwave and optical photons, an area that has recently seen a lot of activity and progress because of its relevance for connecting superconducting quantum processors over long distances, among other applications. Our review covers the leading approaches to achieving such transduction, with an emphasis on those based on atomic ensembles, opto-electro-mechanics, and electro-optics. We briefly discuss relevant metrics from the point of view of different applications, as well as challenges for the future.

  2. We present a modeling method that incorporates full-wave electromagnetic simulations and radiation force calculations to evaluate the performance of grating chips for compact megneto-optical traps (MOTs).
  3. Abstract Optical bottle beams can be used to trap atoms and small low-index particles. We introduce a figure of merit (FoM) for optical bottle beams, specifically in the context of optical traps, and use it to compare optical bottle-beam traps obtained by three different methods. Using this FoM and an optimization algorithm, we identified the optical bottle-beam traps based on a Gaussian beam illuminating a metasurface that are superior in terms of power efficiency than existing approaches. We numerically demonstrate a silicon metasurface for creating an optical bottle-beam trap.
  4. We report on progress towards a single atom, single photon source using a fiber connected optical chip. Quantum experiments with cold atoms are burdened by the complexity of the experimental apparatus. Using fiber connectorized optics and a grating MOT suitable for cooling Rb atoms we fabricate a pre-aligned device usable as a single photon source for quantum communication experiments. The device integrates a grating MOT with a single beam dipole trap produced by a fiber and GRIN lens combination. MOT atoms are loaded into the dipole trap and then used as a source of single photons which are collected by the same optical fiber. We will report on details of the fabrication of the optical chip, experimental characterization, and progress towards generating high purity single photons.
  5. We present a continuous, narrow-linewidth, tunable laser system that outputs up to 14.0 W at 770 nm. The light is generated by frequency doubling 18.8 W of light from a 1540 nm fiber amplifier that is seeded by a single-mode diode laser achieving><#comment/>74%<#comment/>conversion efficiency. We utilize a lithium triborate crystal in an enhancement ring cavity. The low intensity noise and narrow linewidth of the 770 nm output are suitable for cold atom experiments.

  6. We investigate diffractive grating chips that can be used as part of a magneto-optical trap (MOT) to trap both Rb and Cs atoms with a single input beam for each atom species.

  7. Optically trapped neutral atoms are one of several leading approaches for scalable quantum information processing. When prepared in electronic ground states in deep optical lattices atomic qubits are weakly interacting with long coherence times. Excitation to Rydberg states turns on strong interactions which enable fast gates and entanglement generation. I will present quantum logic experiments with a 2D array of blue detuned lines that traps more than 100 Cesium atom qubits. The array is randomly loaded from a MOT and an optical tweezer steered by a 2D acousto-optic deflector is used to ll subregions of the array. Progress towards high fidelity entangling gates based on Rydberg excitation lasers with lower noise, and optimized optical polarization and magnetic eld settings will be shown.
  8. We describe recent work towards a fully-integrated single-photon source based on the use of single atoms captured from a grating magneto-optical trap (GMOT). Single Rb atoms from a ber-coupled GMOT will be loaded into an optical dipole trap formed by light from an integrated polarization-maintaining (PM) ber. Trapped single atoms will be excited to the 2P1/2 state using resonant light. The resulting single-photon fluorescence will be collected through the same PM ber as is used for trapping, and routed to further experiments. We describe progress towards an intermediate imple- mentation incorporating integrated optical bers and free space light sources. The completed, fully-integrated single-photon source will have numerous applications in quantum communications and quantum information processing, and particularly in improvement of the performance of quantum key distribution systems.