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  1. Abstract

    Excitons are spin integer particles that are predicted to condense into a coherent quantum state at sufficiently low temperature. Here by using photocurrent imaging we report experimental evidence of formation and efficient transport of non-equilibrium excitons in Bi2-xSbxSe3nanoribbons. The photocurrent distributions are independent of electric field, indicating that photoexcited electrons and holes form excitons. Remarkably, these excitons can transport over hundreds of micrometers along the topological insulator (TI) nanoribbons before recombination at up to 40 K. The macroscopic transport distance, combined with short carrier lifetime obtained from transient photocurrent measurements, indicates an exciton diffusion coefficient at least 36 m2 s−1, which correspondsmore »to a mobility of 6 × 104 m2 V−1 s−1at 7 K and is four order of magnitude higher than the value reported for free carriers in TIs. The observation of highly dissipationless exciton transport implies the formation of superfluid-like exciton condensate at the surface of TIs.

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  2. Abstract TmVO 4 exhibits ferroquadrupolar order of the Tm 4f electronic orbitals at low temperatures, and is a model system for Ising nematicity. A magnetic field oriented along the c -axis constitutes a transverse effective field for the quadrupolar order parameter, continuously tuning the system to a quantum phase transition as the field is increased from zero. In contrast, in-plane magnetic fields couple to the order parameter only at second order, such that orienting along the primary axes of the quadrupole order results in an effective longitudinal field, whereas orienting at 45 degrees results in a second effective transverse field.more »Not only do in-plane fields engender a marked in-plane anisotropy of the critical magnetic and quadrupole fluctuations above the ferroquadrupolar ordering temperature, but in-plane transverse fields initially enhance the ferroquadrupolar order, before eventually suppressing it, an effect that we attribute to admixing of the higher crystalline electric field levels.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  3. Abstract Unconventional superconductors have Cooper pairs with lower symmetries than in conventional superconductors. In most unconventional superconductors, the additional symmetry breaking occurs in relation to typical ingredients such as strongly correlated Fermi liquid phases, magnetic fluctuations, or strong spin-orbit coupling in noncentrosymmetric structures. In this article, we show that the time-reversal symmetry breaking in the superconductor LaNiGa 2 is enabled by its previously unknown topological electronic band structure, with Dirac lines and a Dirac loop at the Fermi level. Two symmetry related Dirac points even remain degenerate under spin-orbit coupling. These unique topological features enable an unconventional superconducting gap inmore »which time-reversal symmetry can be broken in the absence of other typical ingredients. Our findings provide a route to identify a new type of unconventional superconductors based on nonsymmorphic symmetries and will enable future discoveries of topological crystalline superconductors.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
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  7. Isolated pyramids, 30–80 nm wide and 3–20 nm tall, form during sputter-annealing cycles on the Ge (110) surface. Pyramids have four walls with {19 13 1} faceting and a steep mound at the apex. We used scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) under ultrahigh vacuum conditions to periodically image the surface at ion energies between 100 eV and 500 eV and incremental total flux. Pyramids are seen using Ar+ between 200 eV and 400 eV, and require Ag to be present on the sample or sample holder. We suspect that the pyramids are initiated by Ag co-sputtered onto the surface. Growth ofmore »pyramids is due to the gathering of step edges with (16 × 2) reconstruction around the pyramid base during layer-by-layer removal of the substrate, and conversion to {19 13 1} faceting. The absence of pyramids using Ar+ energies above 400 eV is likely due to surface damage that is insufficiently annealed.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2022
  8. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2022
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