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  1. Abstract

    A cobalt silylene (Co=Si) linkage enables a distinct metal/ligand cooperative activation of an organic azide, where nitrene transfer occurs to and from the Co⋅⋅⋅Si linkage without ligand dissociation from the 18‐electron cobalt center. This process utilizes the orthogonal binding affinities of the silicon and cobalt sites to avoid CO poisoning that would otherwise inhibit reactivity, leading to significantly improved catalytic isocyanate generation compared with related systems. The dual‐site approach demonstrates the potential of metal/main‐group bonds to access new and efficient catalytic pathways.

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  2. Abstract

    Co‐crystallization of a pyridyl‐containing arylethynyl (AE) moiety with 1,4‐diiodotetrafluorobenzene leads to unique, figure‐eight shaped helical motifs within the crystal lattice. A slight twist in the AE backbone allows each AE unit to simultaneously interact with haloarene units that are stacked on top of one another. Left‐handed (M) and right‐handed (P) helices are interspersed in a regular pattern throughout the crystal. The major driving forces for assembly are 1) halogen bonding between the pyridyl nitrogen atoms and the iodine substituents of the haloarene, with N⋅⋅⋅I distances between 2.81 and 2.84 Å, and 2) π‐π stacking of the haloarenes, with distances of approximately 3.57 Å between centroids. Halogen bonding and π‐π stacking not only work in concert, but also seem to mutually enhance one another. Calculations suggest that the presence of π‐π stacking modestly intensifies the halogen bonding interaction by <0.2 kcal/mol; likewise, halogen bonding to the haloarene enhances the π‐π stacking interaction by 0.59 kcal/mol.

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  3. Abstract

    A metal/ligand cooperative approach to the reduction of small molecules by metal silylene complexes (R2Si=M) is demonstrated, whereby silicon activates the incoming substrate and mediates net two‐electron transformations by one‐electron redox processes at two metal centers. An appropriately tuned cationic pincer cobalt(I) complex, featuring a central silylene donor, reacts with CO2to afford a bimetallic siloxane, featuring two CoIIcenters, with liberation of CO; reaction of the silylene complex with ethylene yields a similar bimetallic product with an ethylene bridge. Experimental and computational studies suggest a plausible mechanism proceeding by [2+2] cycloaddition to the silylene complex, which is quite sensitive to the steric environment. The CoII/CoIIproducts are reactive to oxidation and reduction. Taken together, these findings demonstrate a strategy for metal/ligand cooperative small‐molecule activation that is well‐suited to 3dmetals.

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  4. null (Ed.)
    Herein, we report a new protocol for the dehydrogenative oxidation of aryl methanols using the cheap and commercially available catalyst CuSeO 3 ·2H 2 O. Oxygen-bridged [Cu–O–Se] bimetallic catalysts are not only less expensive than other catalysts used for the dehydrogenative oxidation of aryl alcohols, but they are also effective under mild conditions and at low concentrations. The title reaction proceeds with a variety of aromatic and heteroaromatic methanol examples, obtaining the corresponding carbonyls in high yields. This is the first example using an oxygen-bridged copper-based bimetallic catalyst [Cu–O–Se] for dehydrogenative benzylic oxidation. Computational DFT studies reveal simultaneous H-transfer and Cu–O bond breaking, with a transition-state barrier height of 29.3 kcal mol −1 . 
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  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 12, 2024
  7. The acetylperoxy + HO 2 reaction has multiple impacts on the troposphere, with a triplet pathway leading to peracetic acid + O 2 (reaction (1a)) competing with singlet pathways leading to acetic acid + O 3 (reaction (1b)) and acetoxy + OH + O 2 (reaction (1c)). A recent experimental study has reported branching fractions for these three pathways ( α 1a , α 1b , and α 1c ) from 229 K to 294 K. We constructed a theoretical model for predicting α 1a , α 1b , and α 1c using quantum chemical and Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus/master equation (RRKM/ME) simulations. Our main quantum chemical method was Weizmann-1 Brueckner Doubles (W1BD) theory; we combined W1BD and equation-of-motion spin-flip coupled cluster (SF) theory to treat open-shell singlet structures. Using RRKM/ME simulations that included all conformers of acetylperoxy–HO 2 pre-reactive complexes led to a 298 K triplet rate constant, k 1a = 5.11 × 10 −12 cm 3 per molecule per s, and values of α 1a in excellent agreement with experiment. Increasing the energies of all singlet structures by 0.9 kcal mol −1 led to a combined singlet rate constant, k 1b+1c = 1.20 × 10 −11 cm 3 per molecule per s, in good agreement with experiment. However, our predicted variations in α 1b and α 1c with temperature are not nearly as large as those measured, perhaps due to the inadequacy of SF theory in treating the transition structures controlling acetic acid + O 3 formation vs. acetoxy + OH + O 2 formation. 
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  8. An approach to generate anharmonic potential energy surfaces for both linear and bent XY 2 -type molecules from their equilibrium geometries, Hessians, and total atomization energies alone is presented. Two key features of the potential energy surfaces are that (a) they reproduce the harmonic behavior around the equilibrium geometries exactly and (b) they have the correct limiting behavior with respect to total bond dissociation. The potentials are constructed from two diatomic potentials, for which both the Morse or Varshni potentials are tested, and a triatomic potential, for which modified forms of the Anderson- n potential are tested. Potential energy surfaces for several linear and bent molecules are constructed from ab initio data, and the third-order derivatives of these surfaces at their equilibrium geometries are compared to the results of finite difference computations. For bent molecules, the vibrational spectra predicted by vibrational configuration interaction calculations on these surfaces are compared to experiment. A modified version of the Anderson- n potential, in combination with the Varshni potential, is demonstrated to predict vibrational frequencies associated with bond angle bending an average of 20 cm −1 below the harmonic oscillator approximation and with a fourfold reduction in the root-mean-square deviation from experiment compared to the harmonic oscillator approximation. 
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