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  1. This paper studies Distributionally robust Fair transit Resource Allocation model (DrFRAM) under Wasserstein ambiguity set to optimize the public transit resource allocation during a pandemic. We show that the proposed DrFRAM is highly nonconvex and nonlinear and is, in general, NP-hard. Fortunately, we show that DrFRAM can be reformulated as a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) by leveraging the equivalent representation of distributionally robust optimization and monotonicity properties, binarizing integer variables, and linearizing nonconvex terms. To improve the proposed MILP formulation, we derive stronger ones and develop valid inequalities by exploiting the model structures. Besides, we develop scenario decomposition methods using different MILP formulations to solve the scenario subproblems and introduce a simple yet effective No-one-left based approximation algorithm with a provable approximation guarantee to solve the model to near optimality. Finally, we numerically demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches and apply them to real-world data provided by the Blacksburg Transit.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 31, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 6, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 2, 2023
  4. In a chance constrained program (CCP), decision makers seek the best decision whose probability of violating the uncertainty constraints is within the prespecified risk level. As a CCP is often nonconvex and is difficult to solve to optimality, much effort has been devoted to developing convex inner approximations for a CCP, among which the conditional value-at-risk (CVaR) has been known to be the best for more than a decade. This paper studies and generalizes the ALSO-X, originally proposed by Ahmed, Luedtke, SOng, and Xie in 2017 , for solving a CCP. We first show that the ALSO-X resembles a bilevel optimization, where the upper-level problem is to find the best objective function value and enforce the feasibility of a CCP for a given decision from the lower-level problem, and the lower-level problem is to minimize the expectation of constraint violations subject to the upper bound of the objective function value provided by the upper-level problem. This interpretation motivates us to prove that when uncertain constraints are convex in the decision variables, ALSO-X always outperforms the CVaR approximation. We further show (i) sufficient conditions under which ALSO-X can recover an optimal solution to a CCP; (ii) an equivalent bilinear programming formulationmore »of a CCP, inspiring us to enhance ALSO-X with a convergent alternating minimization method (ALSO-X+); and (iii) an extension of ALSO-X and ALSO-X+ to distributionally robust chance constrained programs (DRCCPs) under the ∞−Wasserstein ambiguity set. Our numerical study demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed methods.« less