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This content will become publicly available on December 31, 2023

Title: Distributionally Robust Fair Transit Resource Allocation During a Pandemic
This paper studies Distributionally robust Fair transit Resource Allocation model (DrFRAM) under Wasserstein ambiguity set to optimize the public transit resource allocation during a pandemic. We show that the proposed DrFRAM is highly nonconvex and nonlinear and is, in general, NP-hard. Fortunately, we show that DrFRAM can be reformulated as a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) by leveraging the equivalent representation of distributionally robust optimization and monotonicity properties, binarizing integer variables, and linearizing nonconvex terms. To improve the proposed MILP formulation, we derive stronger ones and develop valid inequalities by exploiting the model structures. Besides, we develop scenario decomposition methods using different MILP formulations to solve the scenario subproblems and introduce a simple yet effective No-one-left based approximation algorithm with a provable approximation guarantee to solve the model to near optimality. Finally, we numerically demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches and apply them to real-world data provided by the Blacksburg Transit.
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Award ID(s):
2153607 2046426
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
Transportation science
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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