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  1. This work proposes an algorithm to bound the minimum distance between points on trajectories of a dynamical system and points on an unsafe set. Prior work on certifying safety of trajectories includes barrier and density methods, which do not provide a margin of proximity to the unsafe set in terms of distance. The distance estimation problem is relaxed to a Monge-Kantorovich-type optimal transport problem based on existing occupation-measure methods of peak estimation. Specialized programs may be developed for polyhedral norm distances (e.g. L1 and Linfinity) and for scenarios where a shape is traveling along trajectories (e.g. rigid body motion). The distance estimation problem will be correlatively sparse when the distance objective is separable. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 28, 2024
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  5. This paper considers the problem of error in variables identification for switched affine models. Since it is well known that this problem is generically NP hard, several relaxations have been proposed in the literature. However, while these approaches work well for low dimensional systems with few subsystems, they scale poorly with both the number of subsystems and their memory. To address this difficulty, we propose a computationally efficient alternative, based on embedding the data in the manifold of positive semidefinite matrices, and using a manifold metric there to perform the identification. Our main result shows that, under dwell-time assumptions, the proposed algorithm is convergent, in the sense that it is guaranteed to identify the system for suitably low noise. In scenarios with larger noise levels, we provide experimental results showing that the proposed method outperforms existing ones. The paper concludes by illustrating these results with academic examples and a non-trivial application: action video segmentation. 
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  6. We develop some basic principles for the design and robustness analysis of a continuous-time bilinear dynamical network, where an attacker can manipulate the strength of the interconnections/edges between some of the agents/nodes. We formulate the edge protection optimization problem of picking a limited number of attack-free edges and minimizing the impact of the attack over the bilinear dynamical network. In particular, the H2-norm of bilinear systems is known to capture robustness and performance properties analogous to its linear counterpart and provides valuable insights for identifying which edges are most sensitive to attacks. The exact optimization problem is combinatorial in the number of edges, and brute-force approaches show poor scalability. However, we show that the H2-norm as a cost function is supermodular and, therefore, allows for efficient greedy approximations of the optimal solution. We illustrate and compare the effectiveness of our theoretical findings via numerical simulation 
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