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Title: Optothermoplasmonic Nanolithography for On‐Demand Patterning of 2D Materials

Since the first discovery of graphene, 2D materials are drawing tremendous attention due to their atomic thickness and superior properties. Fabrication of high‐quality micro‐/nanopatterns of 2D materials is essential for their applications in both nanoelectronics and nanophotonics. In this work, an all‐optical lithographic technique, optothermoplasmonic nanolithography (OTNL), is developed to achieve high‐throughput, versatile, and maskless patterning of different atomic layers. Low‐power (≈5 mW µm−2) and high‐resolution patterning of both graphene and MoS2monolayers is demonstrated through exploiting thermal oxidation and sublimation at the highly localized thermoplasmonic hotspots. Density functional theory simulations reveal that Au nanoparticles reduce the formation energy (≈0.6 eV) of C monovacancies through bonding between undercoordinated C and Au, leading to a significant Au‐catalyzed graphene oxidation and a reduction of the required laser operation power. Programmable patterning of 2D materials into complex and large‐scale nanostructures is further demonstrated. With its low‐power, high‐resolution, and versatile patterning capability, OTNL offers the possibility to scale up the fabrication of nanostructured 2D materials for many applications in photonic and electronic devices.

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Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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