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Title: Computational modeling of multiphase viscoelastic and elastoviscoplastic flows

In this paper, a three‐dimensional numerical solver is developed for suspensions of rigid and soft particles and droplets in viscoelastic and elastoviscoplastic (EVP) fluids. The presented algorithm is designed to allow for the first time three‐dimensional simulations of inertial and turbulent EVP fluids with a large number particles and droplets. This is achieved by combining fast and highly scalable methods such as an FFT‐based pressure solver, with the evolution equation for non‐Newtonian (including EVP) stresses. In this flexible computational framework, the fluid can be modeled by either Oldroyd‐B, neo‐Hookean, FENE‐P, or Saramito EVP models, and the additional equations for the non‐Newtonian stresses are fully coupled with the flow. The rigid particles are discretized on a moving Lagrangian grid, whereas the flow equations are solved on a fixed Eulerian grid. The solid particles are represented by an immersed boundary method with a computationally efficient direct forcing method, allowing simulations of a large numbers of particles. The immersed boundary force is computed at the particle surface and then included in the momentum equations as a body force. The droplets and soft particles on the other hand are simulated in a fully Eulerian framework, the former with a level‐set method to capture the moving interface and the latter with an indicator function. The solver is first validated for various benchmark single‐phase and two‐phase EVP flow problems through comparison with data from the literature. Finally, we present new results on the dynamics of a buoyancy‐driven drop in an EVP fluid.

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Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 521-543
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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