Design and Evaluation of a Spintronic In-Memory Processing Platform for Non-Volatile Data Encryption
In this paper, we propose an energy-efficient reconfigurable platform for in-memory processing based on novel 4-terminal spin Hall effect-driven domain wall motion devices that could be employed as both non-volatile memory cell and in-memory logic unit. The proposed designs lead to unity of memory and logic. The device to system level simulation results show that, with 28% area increase in memory structure, the proposed in-memory processing platform achieves a write energy ~15.6 fJ/bit with 79% reduction compared to that of SOT-MRAM counterpart while keeping the identical 1ns writing speed. In addition, the proposed in-memory logic scheme improves the operating energy by 61.3%, as compared with the recent non-volatile in-memory logic designs. An extensive reliability analysis is also performed over the proposed circuits. We employ Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm as a case study to elucidate the efficiency of the proposed platform at application level. Simulation results exhibit that the proposed platform can show up to 75.7% and 30.4% lower energy consumption compared to CMOS-ASIC and recent pipelined domain wall (DW) AES implementations, respectively. In addition, the AES Energy-Delay Product (EDP) can show 15.1% and 6.1% improvements compared to the DW-AES and CMOS-ASIC implementations, respectively.