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Title: Resilient and Sustainable Urban and Energy Systems
Normative messaging interventions have proven to be a cost-effective strategy for promoting pro-environmental behaviors. The effectiveness of normative messages is partially determined by how personally relevant the comparison groups are as well as the lag of feedback. Using readily available energy use data has created opportunities to generate highly personalized reference groups based on households’ behavioral patterns. Unfortunately, it is not well understood how data granularity (e.g., minute, hour) affects the performance of behavioral reference group categorization. This is important because different levels of data granularity can produce conflicting results in terms of group similarity and vary in computational time. Therefore, this research aims to evaluate the performance of clustering methods across different levels of temporal granularity of energy use data. A clustering analysis is conducted using one-year of energy use data from 3,000 households in Holland, Michigan. The clustering results show that behavioral reference groups become the most similar when representing households’ energy use behaviors at a six-hour interval. Computationally, less granular data (i.e., six and twelve hours) takes less time than highly granular data which increases exponentially with more households. Considering the enormous scale that normative messaging interventions need to be applied at, using less granular data (six-hour more » intervals) will permit interveners to maximize the effectiveness of highly personalized normative feedback messages while minimizing computation burdens. « less
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Award ID(s):
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
"Exploring the Effect of Data Granularity on Personalized Normative Messaging Interventions for Reducing Household Energy Consumption
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
483 to 489
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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