skip to main content

Title: An Isolated Composite Resonant Multilevel Converter with Partial Power Voltage Regulation for Telecom Application
In this paper, an new converter that includes isolated composite resonant multilevel converter (ICRMC) that uses composite converter concept and partial power voltage regulator (PPVR) has been proposed for telecommunication application. The proposed converter can achieve high efficiency at nominal operating point since it takes minimum effort to regulate the output voltage at this point. A comparative study shows that with the proposed two operation modes of ICRMC, the proposed converter has the best capability to maintain lowest total semiconductor power stress among the existing state of the art solutions when the input voltage varies from 36V to 60V. Furthermore, zero current switching (ZCS) can be always achieved on the switching devices in ICRMC under different operating points. A 600W converter has been simulated to validate the theoretical analysis. The estimated peak efficiency can be as high as 97.65%. Fully debugged prototype and experimental results are provided in this paper.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)
Page Range / eLocation ID:
3831 to 3837
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. The focus of this study is on the design of a full-bridge unidirectional resonant LLC Solid State Transformer. The proposed topology uses a high-frequency transformer to optimize the size and weight of the converter. This converter has the capability of operating at fluctuating load conditions while it keeps the voltage regulated in different operation point. The converter is designed to maintain soft switching by using a resonant circuit in this design to minimize the switching loss of the high frequency converter. ZVS in the leading leg for turn on mode and ZCS commutation in the lagging leg for all of the modes are achieved in the H-bridge through the suggested circuitry which is analyzed mathematically in detail in this study. A combination of Pulse frequency modulation (PFM) and Phase Shifting Modulation (PSM) are utilized to control this resonant converter. The experimental setup for the suggested configuration was implemented and the results of the simulation and calculations have been verified with test results. The hardware set up was tested with two different power levels and the output results confirm that the control method works properly to feed the load and keeps the converter working in the expected frequency range and maintaining the soft switching to decrease switching loss. The results shows conversion efficiency of 97.18% is achieved. 
    more » « less
  2. This paper demonstrates a high-efficiency modular multilevel resonant DC-DC converter (MMRC) with zero-voltage switching (ZVS) capability. In order to minimize the conduction loss in the converter, optimizing the root-mean-square (RMS) current flowing through switching devices is considered an effective approach. The analysis of circuit configuration and operating principle show that the RMS value of the current flowing through switching devices is closely related to the factors such as the resonant tank parameters, switching frequency, converter output voltage and current, etc. A quantitative analysis that considers all these factors has been performed to evaluate the RMS current of all the components in the circuit. When the circuit parameters are carefully designed, the switch current waveform can be close to the square waveform, which has a low RMS value and results in low conduction loss. And a design example based on the theoretical analysis is presented to show the design procedures of the presented converter. A 600 W 48 V-to-12 V prototype is built with the parameters obtained from the design example section. Simulation and experiments have been performed to verify the high-efficiency feature of the designed converter. The measured converter peak efficiency reaches 99.55% when it operates at 200 kHz. And its power density can be as high as 795 W/in 3 . 
    more » « less
  3. Multilevel modular resonant switched-capacitor converter can achieve either zero-current switching (ZCS) or zero-voltage switching (ZVS) by utilizing different converter control strategies. This paper presents a comprehensive way to compare the root mean square (RMS) value of current flowing through switching devices in both ZCS operation and ZVS operation. The study shows that with appropriate converter parameter design, the ZVS operation allows the RMS value of switch current at most 10% lower than that in ZCS operation. Therefore, the converter operating at ZVS mode has the potential to achieve higher efficiency comparing to the converter that operates at ZCS mode due to less semiconductor conduction loss. Furthermore, the ZVS operation can reduce the power loss due to MOSFET output capacitance. A 6x converter with 54V input voltage, 9V output voltage and 600W power rating is used as an example to show the detailed design procedure. Simulation results are provided to verify the theoretical analysis. Also, a 600W lab prototype that has 6 to 1 voltage conversion ratio has been built to verify the theoretical analysis. 
    more » « less
  4. This article proposes a matrix auto-transformer switched-capacitor dc–dc converter to achieve a high voltage conversion ratio, high efficiency, and high power density for 48-V data-center applications. On the high-voltage side, the proposed converter can fully leverage the benefits of high-performance low voltage stress devices similar to the multilevel modular switched-capacitor converter. Compared with the traditional isolated LLC converter with a matrix transformer, the proposed solution utilized a matrix autotransformer concept with merged primary and secondary side windings, thus leading to reduced transformer winding loss. The resonant inductor could be integrated into the transformer similar to the LLC converter. Because of the matrix autotransformer design, it can achieve a current doubler rectifier on the low voltage side. For less than 8-V low output voltage application, the current doubler rectifier design can fully utilize the best figure-of-merit 25-V device, which is more efficient than the full-bridge rectifier solution using two 25-V devices during the operation. All the devices can achieve zero voltage switching or zero current switching and can be naturally clamped without additional clamping circuits. A 500-W 48-V to 6-V dc–dc converter hardware prototype has been developed with optimized device selection and integrated matrix autotransformer design. Both simulation and experiment results have been provided to validate the features and benefits of the proposed converter. The maximum efficiency of the proposed converter can reach 98.33%. 
    more » « less
  5. null (Ed.)
    In this study, analysis and control of a highly efficient, high-power full-bridge unidirectional resonant LLC solid-state transformer (SST) are discussed. A combination of pulse frequency modulation and phase-shift modulation is utilized to control this resonant converter for a wide load range. The converter is designed to maintain soft switching by using a resonant circuit to minimize the switching loss of the high-frequency converter. Zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) is achieved for the H-bridge converter. The ZVS boundary for the proposed combined control method is also analyzed in detail. The experimental setup for the suggested configuration was implemented, and the performance of the proposed control scheme and resonant LLC SST have been verified with test results. The proposed combined control scheme improves control performance. The obtained results show that, the proposed system can regulate output voltage and maintain soft switching in a wide range of load. Thus, the efficiency of the system is improved and an efficiency of 97.18% is achieved. 
    more » « less