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Title: Towards Improving Rate-Distortion Performance of Transform-Based Lossy Compression for HPC Datasets
As the size and amount of data produced by high-performance computing (HPC) applications grow exponentially, an effective data reduction technique is becoming critical to mitigating time and space burden. Lossy compression techniques, which have been widely used in image and video compression, hold promise to fulfill such data reduction need. However, they are seldom adopted in HPC datasets because of their difficulty in quantifying the amount of information loss and data reduction. In this paper, we explore a lossy compression strategy by revisiting the energy compaction properties of discrete transforms on HPC datasets. Specifically, we apply block-based transforms to HPC datasets, obtain the minimum number of coefficients containing the maximum energy (or information) compaction rate, and quantize remaining non-dominant coefficients using a binning mechanism to minimize information loss expressed in a distortion measure. We implement the proposed approach and evaluate it using six real-world HPC datasets. Our experimental results show that, on average, only 6.67 bits are required to preserve an optimal energy compaction rate on our evaluated datasets. Moreover, our knee detection algorithm improves the distortion in terms of peak signal-to-noise ratio by 2.46 dB on average.  more » « less
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Journal Name:
IEEE High Performance Extreme Computing Conference (HPEC)
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1 to 7
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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