Data-driven decision making in power systems with probabilistic guarantees: Theory and applications of chance-constrained optimization
Uncertainties from deepening penetration of renewable energy resources have posed critical challenges to the secure and reliable operations of future electric grids. Among various approaches for decision making in uncertain environments, this paper focuses on chance-constrained optimization, which provides explicit probabilistic guarantees on the feasibility of optimal solutions. Although quite a few methods have been proposed to solve chance-constrained optimization problems, there is a lack of comprehensive review and comparative analysis of the proposed methods. We first review three categories of existing methods to chance-constrained optimization: (1) scenario approach; (2) sample average approximation; and (3) robust optimization based methods. Data-driven methods, which are not constrained by any particular distributions of the underlying uncertainties, are of particular interest. Key results of the analytical reformulation approach for specific distributions are briefly discussed. We then provide a comprehensive review on the applications of chance-constrained optimization in power systems. Finally, this paper provides a critical comparison of existing methods based on numerical simulations, which are conducted on standard power system test cases.