The Internet of Things (IoT) is a vast collection of interconnected sensors, devices, and services that share data and information over the Internet with the objective of leveraging multiple information sources to optimize related systems. The technologies associated with the IoT have significantly improved the quality of many existing applications by reducing costs, improving functionality, increasing access to resources, and enhancing automation. The adoption of IoT by industries has led to the next industrial revolution: Industry 4.0. The rise of the Industrial IoT (IIoT) promises to enhance factory management, process optimization, worker safety, and more. However, the rollout of the IIoT is not without significant issues, and many of these act as major barriers that prevent fully achieving the vision of Industry 4.0. One major area of concern is the security and privacy of the massive datasets that are captured and stored, which may leak information about intellectual property, trade secrets, and other competitive knowledge. As a way forward toward solving security and privacy concerns, we aim in this paper to identify common input-output (I/O) design patterns that exist in applications of the IIoT. These design patterns enable constructing an abstract model representation of data flow semantics used by suchmore »
Privacy-Preserving Database Assisted Spectrum Access for Industrial Internet of Things: A Distributed Learning Approach
Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has been shown to be of great value to the deployment of smart industrial environment. With the immense growth of IoT devices, dynamic spectrum sharing is introduced, envisaged as a promising solution to the spectrum shortage in IIoT. Meanwhile, cyber-physical safety issue remains to be a great concern for the reliable operation of IIoT system. In this paper, we consider the dynamic spectrum access in IIoT under a Received Signal Strength (RSS) based adversarial localization attack. We employ a practical and effective power perturbation approach to mitigate the localization threat on the IoT devices and cast the privacy-preserving spectrum sharing problem as a stochastic channel selection game. To address the randomness induced by the power perturbation approach, we develop a two-timescale distributed learning algorithm that converges almost surely to the set of correlated equilibria of the game. The numerical results show the convergence of the algorithm and corroborate that the design of two-timescale learning process effectively alleviates the network throughput degradation brought by the power perturbation procedure.
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- IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
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