skip to main content

Title: High capacity lithium ion batteries composed of cobalt oxide nanoparticle anodes and Raman spectroscopic analysis of nanoparticle strain dynamics in batteries
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Nanoscale oxide-based negative electrodes are of great interest for lithium ion batteries due to their high energy density, power density and enhanced safety. In this work, we conducted a case study on mesoporous TiO 2 nanoparticle negative electrodes with uniform size and varying crystallinity in order to investigate the trend in the electrochemical properties of oxide-based nanoscale negative electrodes with varying crystallinity. Mesoporous solid spherical TiO 2 nanoparticles with a uniform particle size and varying crystallinity, i.e. , amorphous TiO 2 (A-TiO 2 ), partially crystalline TiO 2 (PC-TiO 2 ) and fully crystalline TiO 2 (FC-TiO 2 ) nanoparticles were studied. At low current rate (quasi steady-state), the specific capacity of the samples drops with the decrease of crystallinity. Ex situ synchrotron pair distribution function analysis reveals that the 1D zigzag Li ion diffusion pathway becomes expanded with the increase of crystallinity, which promotes ion mobility and charge storage. At high current rates (away from equilibrium states), however, the A-TiO 2 sample demonstrates slightly larger capacity than the FC-TiO 2 sample, both of which show larger capacities than that of the PC-TiO 2 sample. Both A-TiO 2 and FC-TiO 2 samples exhibit higher capacitive contribution to the charge storage and larger Li + diffusivity than those of the PC-TiO 2 sample, which explains their better rate capability. Moreover, the larger Li + diffusivity of the A-TiO 2 sample leads to the slightly larger specific capacity than the FC-TiO 2 sample at the highest current rate. 
    more » « less
  2. null (Ed.)
  3. Abstract

    The lithium–sulfur (Li–S) battery is a promising candidate for next‐generation high‐density energy storage devices because of its ultrahigh theoretical energy density and the natural abundance of sulfur. However, the practical performance of the sulfur cathode is plagued by fast capacity decay and poor cycle life, both of which can be attributed to the intrinsic dissolution/shuttling of lithium polysulfides. Here, a new built‐in magnetic field–enhanced polysulfide trapping mechanism is discovered by introducing ferromagnetic iron/iron carbide (Fe/Fe3C) nanoparticles with a graphene shell (Fe/Fe3C/graphene) onto a flexible activated cotton textile (ACT) fiber to prepare the ACT@Fe/Fe3C/graphene sulfur host. The novel trapping mechanism is demonstrated by significant differences in the diffusion behavior of polysulfides in a custom‐designed liquid cell compared to a pure ACT/S cathode. Furthermore, a cell assembled using the ACT@Fe/Fe3C/S cathode exhibits a high initial discharge capacity of ≈764 mAh g−1, excellent rate performance, and a remarkably long lifespan of 600 cycles using ACT@Fe/Fe3C/S (whereas only 100 cycles can be achieved using pure ACT/S). The new magnetic field–enhanced trapping mechanism provides not only novel insight but unveils new possibilities for mitigating the “shuttle effect” of polysulfides thereby promoting the practical applications of Li–S batteries.

    more » « less