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- Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Educational Data Mining
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- National Science Foundation
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The knowledge tracing (KT) task consists of predicting students’ future performance on instructional activities given their past performance. Recently, deep learning models used to solve this task yielded relative excellent prediction results relative to prior approaches. Despite this success, the majority of these models ignore relevant information that can be used to enhance the knowledge tracing performance. To overcome these limitations, we propose a generic framework that also accounts for the engagement level of students, the difficulty level of the instructional activities, and the natural language processing embeddings of the text of each concept. Furthermore, to capture the fact that students’ knowledge states evolve over time we employ a LSTM-based model. Then, we pass such sequences of knowledge states to a Temporal Convolutional Network to predict future performance. Several empirical experiments have been conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of our proposed framework for KT using Cognitive Tutor datasets. Experimental results showed the superior performance of our proposed model over many existing deep KT models. And AUC of 96.57% has been achieved on the Algebra 2006-2007 dataset.
Knowledge Tracing (KT), which aims to model student knowledge level and predict their performance, is one of the most important applications of user modeling. Modern KT approaches model and maintain an up-to-date state of student knowledge over a set of course concepts according to students’ historical performance in attempting the problems. However, KT approaches were designed to model knowledge by observing relatively small problem-solving steps in Intelligent Tutoring Systems. While these approaches were applied successfully to model student knowledge by observing student solutions for simple problems, such as multiple-choice questions, they do not perform well for modeling complex problem solving in students. Most importantly, current models assume that all problem attempts are equally valuable in quantifying current student knowledge. However, for complex problems that involve many concepts at the same time, this assumption is deficient. It results in inaccurate knowledge states and unnecessary fluctuations in estimated student knowledge, especially if students guess the correct answer to a problem that they have not mastered all of its concepts or slip in answering the problem that they have already mastered all of its concepts. In this paper, we argue that not all attempts are equivalently important in discovering students’ knowledge state, andmore »
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Electronic health records (EHRs) have been heavily used in modern healthcare systems for recording patients' admission information to health facilities. Many data-driven approaches employ temporal features in EHR for predicting specific diseases, readmission times, and diagnoses of patients. However, most existing predictive models cannot fully utilize EHR data, due to an inherent lack of labels in supervised training for some temporal events. Moreover, it is hard for the existing methods to simultaneously provide generic and personalized interpretability. To address these challenges, we propose Sherbet, a self-supervised graph learning framework with hyperbolic embeddings for temporal health event prediction. We first propose a hyperbolic embedding method with information flow to pretrain medical code representations in a hierarchical structure. We incorporate these pretrained representations into a graph neural network (GNN) to detect disease complications and design a multilevel attention method to compute the contributions of particular diseases and admissions, thus enhancing personalized interpretability. We present a new hierarchy-enhanced historical prediction proxy task in our self-supervised learning framework to fully utilize EHR data and exploit medical domain knowledge. We conduct a comprehensive set of experiments on widely used publicly available EHR datasets to verify the effectiveness of our model. Our results demonstrate the proposedmore »
Boost-RS: boosted embeddings for recommender systems and its application to enzyme–substrate interaction prediction
Despite experimental and curation efforts, the extent of enzyme promiscuity on substrates continues to be largely unexplored and under documented. Providing computational tools for the exploration of the enzyme–substrate interaction space can expedite experimentation and benefit applications such as constructing synthesis pathways for novel biomolecules, identifying products of metabolism on ingested compounds, and elucidating xenobiotic metabolism. Recommender systems (RS), which are currently unexplored for the enzyme–substrate interaction prediction problem, can be utilized to provide enzyme recommendations for substrates, and vice versa. The performance of Collaborative-Filtering (CF) RSs; however, hinges on the quality of embedding vectors of users and items (enzymes and substrates in our case). Importantly, enhancing CF embeddings with heterogeneous auxiliary data, specially relational data (e.g. hierarchical, pairwise or groupings), remains a challenge.
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Availability and implementation
A Python implementation for Boost-RS is provided at https://github.com/HassounLab/Boost-RS. The enzyme-substrate interaction data is available from the KEGG database (https://www.genome.jp/kegg/).