- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- INFORMS Journal on Optimization
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
More Like this
Convolutional operator learning is gaining attention in many signal processing and computer vision applications. Learning kernels has mostly relied on so-called patch-domain approaches that extract and store many overlapping patches across training signals. Due to memory demands, patch-domain methods have limitations when learning kernels from large datasets – particularly with multi-layered structures, e.g., convolutional neural networks – or when applying the learned kernels to high-dimensional signal recovery problems. The so-called convolution approach does not store many overlapping patches, and thus overcomes the memory problems particularly with careful algorithmic designs; it has been studied within the “synthesis” signal model, e.g., convolutional dictionary learning. This paper proposes a new convolutional analysis operator learning (CAOL) framework that learns an analysis sparsifying regularizer with the convolution perspective, and develops a new convergent Block Proximal Extrapolated Gradient method using a Majorizer (BPEG-M) to solve the corresponding block multi-nonconvex problems. To learn diverse filters within the CAOL framework, this paper introduces an orthogonality constraint that enforces a tight-frame filter condition, and a regularizer that promotes diversity between filters. Numerical experiments show that, with sharp majorizers, BPEG-M significantly accelerates the CAOL convergence rate compared to the state-of-the-art block proximal gradient (BPG) method. Numerical experiments for sparse-view computationalmore »
Sparse principal component analysis is an important technique for simultaneous dimensionality reduction and variable selection with high-dimensional data. In this work we combine the unique geometric structure of the sparse principal component analysis problem with recent advances in convex optimization to develop novel gradient-based sparse principal component analysis algorithms. These algorithms enjoy the same global convergence guarantee as the original alternating direction method of multipliers, and can be more efficiently implemented with the rich toolbox developed for gradient methods from the deep learning literature. Most notably, these gradient-based algorithms can be combined with stochastic gradient descent methods to produce efficient online sparse principal component analysis algorithms with provable numerical and statistical performance guarantees. The practical performance and usefulness of the new algorithms are demonstrated in various simulation studies. As an application, we show how the scalability and statistical accuracy of our method enable us to find interesting functional gene groups in high-dimensional RNA sequencing data.
A Manifold Proximal Linear Method for Sparse Spectral Clustering with Application to Single-Cell RNA Sequencing Data AnalysisSpectral clustering is one of the fundamental unsupervised learning methods and is widely used in data analysis. Sparse spectral clustering (SSC) imposes sparsity to the spectral clustering, and it improves the interpretability of the model. One widely adopted model for SSC in the literature is an optimization problem over the Stiefel manifold with nonsmooth and nonconvex objective. Such an optimization problem is very challenging to solve. Existing methods usually solve its convex relaxation or need to smooth its nonsmooth objective using certain smoothing techniques. Therefore, they were not targeting solving the original formulation of SSC. In this paper, we propose a manifold proximal linear method (ManPL) that solves the original SSC formulation without twisting the model. We also extend the algorithm to solve multiple-kernel SSC problems, for which an alternating ManPL algorithm is proposed. Convergence and iteration complexity results of the proposed methods are established. We demonstrate the advantage of our proposed methods over existing methods via clustering of several data sets, including University of California Irvine and single-cell RNA sequencing data sets.
Sparse learning models have shown promising performance in the high dimensional machine learning applications. The main challenge of sparse learning models is how to optimize it efficiently. Most existing methods solve this problem by relaxing it as a convex problem, incurring large estimation bias. Thus, the sparse learning model with nonconvex constraint has attracted much attention due to its better performance. But it is difficult to optimize due to the non-convexity.In this paper, we propose a linearly convergent stochastic second-order method to optimize this nonconvex problem for large-scale datasets. The proposed method incorporates second-order information to improve the convergence speed. Theoretical analysis shows that our proposed method enjoys linear convergence rate and guarantees to converge to the underlying true model parameter. Experimental results have verified the efficiency and correctness of our proposed method.
Summary Canonical correlation analysis investigates linear relationships between two sets of variables, but it often works poorly on modern datasets because of high dimensionality and mixed data types such as continuous, binary and zero-inflated. To overcome these challenges, we propose a semiparametric approach to sparse canonical correlation analysis based on the Gaussian copula. The main result of this paper is a truncated latent Gaussian copula model for data with excess zeros, which allows us to derive a rank-based estimator of the latent correlation matrix for mixed variable types without estimation of marginal transformation functions. The resulting canonical correlation analysis method works well in high-dimensional settings, as demonstrated via numerical studies, and when applied to the analysis of association between gene expression and microRNA data from breast cancer patients.