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Title: Electric field driven aggregation of negatively and positively polarized particles in dilute suspensions.
A variety of colloidal structures observed in terrestrial experiments could also have been influenced by gravity effects (particle sedimentation, convection, etc.) It is often assumed that weightlessness simulated in a time-averaged sense by slowly rotating a specimen in a clinostat about an axis perpendicular to the gravity direction that is widely used in biological tests would reduce the effect of gravity on suspensions. Experiments on a non-buoyancy-matched suspension in flights in NASA Zero-gravity aircraft revealed that particle patterns formed in a clinostat and under normal gravity are actually similar. A requirement for matching densities between particles and a solvent severely limits possibilities to study the field-induced structuring in colloids in terrestrial experiments. Long-term microgravity in ISS offers unique opportunity to employ not density matched suspensions to explore a wide range of the mismatch of electric characteristics between particles and a solvent. We will report experimental data on the field driven structure formation in suspensions and present our approach to the development of ISS experiments. The aim is to understand mechanisms of structure formation and suggest novel routes for creating functional materials. *NASA NNX13AQ53G, NSF1832260.  more » « less
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Bulletin of the American Physical Society
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National Science Foundation
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