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Title: Real-time energy market arbitrage via aerodynamic energy storage in wind farms
Energy storage can generate significant revenue by taking advantage of fluctuations in real-time energy market prices. In this paper, we investigate the real-time price arbitrage potential of aerodynamic energy storage in wind farms. This under-explored source of energy storage can be realized by deferring energy extraction by turbines toward the front of a farm for later extraction by downstream turbines. In large wind farms, this kinetic energy can be stored for minutes to tens of minutes, depending on the inter-turbine travel distance and the incoming wind speed. This storage mechanism requires minimal capital costs for implementation and potentially could provide additional revenue to wind farm operators. We demonstrate that the potential for revenue generation depends on the energy arbitrage (storage) efficiency and the wind travel time between turbines. We then characterize how price volatility and arbitrage efficiency affect real-time energy market revenue potential. Simulation results show that when price volatility is low, which is the historic norm, noticeably increased revenue is only achieved with high arbitrage efficiencies. However, as price volatility increases, which is expected in the future as the composition of the power system evolves, revenues increase by several percent.
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Award ID(s):
1711188 1635430
Publication Date:
Journal Name:
American Control Conference
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
4830 to 4835
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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