- Ha, D.
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- IEEE electron device letters
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- National Science Foundation
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Doped HfO2 based ferroelectric FET (FeFET) exhibits a greatly improved retention performance compared with its perovskite counterpart due to its large coercive field, which prevents domain flip during retention. In this work, however, through extensive temperature dependent experimental characterization and modeling, we are demonstrating that: 1) with FeFET geometry scaling, the polarization states are no longer stable, but exhibit multi-step degradation and cause reduced sense margin in distinguishable adjacent levels or even eventual memory window collapse; 2) the instability is caused by the temperature activated accumulation of switching probability under depolarization field stress, which could cause domain switching within the retention time at operating temperatures.
Ferroelectrics offer a promising material platform to realize energy-efficient non-volatile memory technology with the FeFET-based implementations being one of the most area-efficient ferroelectric memory architectures. However, the FeFET operation entails a fundamental trade-off between the read and the program operations. To overcome this trade-off, we propose in this work, a novel device concept, Mott-FeFET, that aims to replace the Silicon channel of the FeFET with VO2- a material that exhibits an electrically driven insulator–metal phase transition. The Mott-FeFET design, which demonstrates a (ferroelectric) polarization-dependent threshold voltage, enables the read current distinguishability (i.e., the ratio of current sensed when the Mott-FeFET is in state 1 and 0, respectively) to be independent of the program voltage. This enables the device to be programmed at low voltages without affecting the ability to sense/read the state of the device. Our work provides a pathway to realize low-voltage and energy-efficient non-volatile memory solutions.
Optical control of ferroelectric switching and multifunctional devices based on van der Waals ferroelectric semiconductorsIndium Selenide (In 2 Se 3 ) is a newly emerged van der Waals (vdW) ferroelectric material, which unlike traditional insulating ferroelectric materials, is a semiconductor with a bandgap of about 1.36 eV. Ferroelectric diodes and transistors based on In 2 Se 3 have been demonstrated. However, the interplay between light and electric polarization in In 2 Se 3 has not been explored. In this paper, we found that the polarization in In 2 Se 3 can be programmed by optical stimuli, due to its semiconducting nature, where the photo generated carriers in In 2 Se 3 can alter the screening field and lead to polarization reversal. Utilizing these unique properties of In 2 Se 3 , we demonstrated a new type of multifunctional device based on 2D heterostructures, which can concurrently serve as a logic gate, photodetector, electronic memory and photonic memory. This dual electrical and optical operation of the memories can simplify the device architecture and offer additional functionalities, such as ultrafast optical erase of large memory arrays. In addition, we show that dual-gate structure can address the partial switching problem commonly observed in In 2 Se 3 ferroelectric transistors, as the two gates can enhance the verticalmore »
There is a strong drive behind the quest for thin-film materials that are oxygen-free and polar. Oxygen hinders the integration of ferroelectric oxides with semiconductors, which affects efforts to develop nonvolatile memory—that is, a memory that can sustain its information without power. Ideally, one would use single-crystalline perovskite films to construct these devices so that the polarization can be maximized. However, when depositing crystalline polar perovskite oxides onto silicon or germanium, a nonpolar oxide buffer layer ( 1 ) or a native oxide layer ( 2 ) can be present at the interface, compromising device performance. A nitrogen-based perovskite may overcome this limitation ( 3 ). On page 1488 of this issue, Talley et al. ( 4 ) report the synthesis of lanthanum tungsten nitride (LaWN 3 ) thin films, which marks the first demonstration of polar nitride perovskite. This may lead to oxygen-free integration of functional perovskite on a semiconductor platform.
We report the first experimental demonstration of ferroelectric field-effect transistor (FEFET) based spiking neurons. A unique feature of the ferroelectric (FE) neuron demonstrated herein is the availability of both excitatory and inhibitory input connections in the compact 1T-1FEFET structure, which is also reported for the first time for any neuron implementations. Such dual neuron functionality is a key requirement for bio-mimetic neural networks and represents a breakthrough for implementation of the third generation spiking neural networks (SNNs)-also reported herein for unsupervised learning and clustering on real world data for the first time. The key to our demonstration is the careful design of two important device level features: (1) abrupt hysteretic transitions of the FEFET with no stable states therein, and (2) the dynamic tunability of the FEFET hysteresis by bias conditions which allows for the inhibition functionality. Experimentally calibrated, multi-domain Preisach based FEFET models were used to accurately simulate the FE neurons and project their performance at scaled nodes. We also implement an SNN for unsupervised clustering and benchmark the network performance across analog CMOS and emerging technologies and observe (1) unification of excitatory and inhibitory neural connections, (2) STDP based learning, (3) lowest reported power (3.6nW) during classification, andmore »