Modeling Uncertain and Dynamic Interdependencies of Infrastructure Systems Using Stochastic Block Models
Abstract Modeling the resilience of interdependent critical infrastructure (ICI) requires a careful assessment of interdependencies as these systems are becoming increasingly interconnected. The interdependent connections across ICIs are often subject to uncertainty due to the lack of relevant data. Yet, this uncertainty has not been properly characterized. This paper develops an approach to model the resilience of ICIs founded in probabilistic graphical models. The uncertainty of interdependency links between ICIs is modeled using stochastic block models (SBMs). Specifically, the approach estimates the probability of links between individual systems considered as blocks in the SBM. The proposed model employs several attributes as predictors. Two recovery strategies based on static and dynamic component importance ranking are developed and compared. The proposed approach is illustrated with a case study of the interdependent water and power networks in Shelby County, TN. Results show that the probability of interdependency links varies depending on the predictors considered in the estimation. Accounting for the uncertainty in interdependency links allows for a dynamic recovery process. A recovery strategy based on dynamically updated component importance ranking accelerates recovery, thereby improving the resilience of ICIs.